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NCJ Number: 43911 Find in a Library
Title: ACTUAL PROBLEMS AND RESULTS IN THE BATTLE AGAINST AND PREVENTION OF CRIMINALITY IN THE GDR (GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC) (FROM CRIME AND INDUSTRIALIZATION, 1974 - SEE NCJ-43910)
Author(s): H BLUETHNER; U DAEHN
Corporate Author: Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology
University of Stockholm
Sweden
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Scandinavian Research Council for Criminology
104 05 Stockholm, Sweden
Format: Document
Language: English; Russian
Country: Sweden
Annotation: MEASURES AND ACTIVITIES IN CRIME CONTROL AND PREVENTION IN THE GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC (GDR) ARE SUMMARIZED.
Abstract: CRIME CONTROL AND PREVENTION IN THE GDR ARE ACCOMPLISHED ON TWO LEVELS. ONE LEVEL INVOLVES THE LEADERSHIP OF STATE ORGANS AND FUNCTIONARIES WHO PLAN ALL 'SOCIAL PROCESSES.' DISTRICTS, CITIES, AND THE MANAGEMENT BODIES OF LARGE COMPANIES TOGETHER WITH THEIR EMPLOYEES HAVE WORKED OUT COMPLEX PROGRAMS AIMED AT THE REINFORCEMENT OF LAW, SECURITY, AND ORDER, AND CRIME PREVENTION. THESE PROGRAMS BECOME LEGALLY BINDING. THE SECOND LEVEL OF CRIME CONTROL AND PREVENTION IS CHARACTERIZED BY THE RIGOROUS EXPOSURE, PERSECUTION, AND PUNISHMENT OF THE CRIMINAL, AS WELL AS THE EXPOSURE AND ELIMINATION OF THE CAUSES AND CONDITIONS OF CRIMINAL ACTS. WORKERS' COLLECTIVES PARTICIPATE IN ALL PENAL PRACTICES. THIS PARTICIPATION OF THE WORKING CLASS IN THE LEGAL PROCESSES AND SENTENCING IS REALIZED IN VARIOUS FORMS. SO-CALLED CONFLICT COMMISSIONS (IN NATIONALIZED COMPANIES), AND ARBITRATION COMMISSIONS (IN COOPERATIVES), TOGETHER WITH JURYMEN, PARTICIPATE IN INVESTIGATIVE PROCEEDINGS. THE COLLECTIVES HEAR THEIR ACCUSED MEMBER'S CASE AND EVALUATE IT. COLLECTIVE DECISIONS REGARDING THE OFFENDER'S REHABILITATION POTENTIAL ARE LATER PRESENTED IN COURT DURING THE MAIN PROCEEDINGS. GREAT IMPORTANCE IS ATTACHED TO THE 'EDUCATION' OF CRIMINALS BY THEIR COLLECTIVES. COLLECTIVES OF WORKING PEOPLE CAN POST BAIL FOR THE OFFENDER AND PROPOSE TO THE COURT A PENALTY WITHOUT DEPRIVATION OF LIBERTY. BY ACCEPTING TO POST BAIL FOR SOMEONE, THE COLLECTIVES TAKE UPON THEMSELVES THE TASK OF EDUCATING THE OFFENDER. THE CLOSE COOPERATION OF STATE ORGANS, DIRECTORS OF ENTERPRISES, AND COLLECTIVES OF WORKERS IS ALSO INSTRUMENTAL IN BRINGING BACK A RELEASED CONVICT AND REINTEGRATING HIM INTO SOCIETY, EMPLOYING MEASURES PRESCRIBED BY THE REINTEGRATION AND REEDUCATION LAWS, BASED ON THE PRINCIPLES OF 'SOCIALISTIC ORDER.' -- IN ENGLISH AND RUSSIAN.
Index Term(s): Crime Control Programs; German Democratic Republic; Rehabilitation
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