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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 44059 Find in a Library
Title: VICTIMOLOGY (FROM FUNDAMENTALS OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE - A SYLLABUS AND WORKBOOK, 1977, 2D ED., BY DAE H CHANG - SEE NCJ-44045)
Author(s): S G VINCENTNATHAN
Corporate Author: Paladin House Publishers
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: Paladin House Publishers
Geneva, IL 60134
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN OVERVIEW IS PRESENTED OF THE TENETS OF VICTIMOLOGY, AND THE OBJECTIVES OF VICTIM COMPENSATION AND VICTIMIZATION PREVENTION ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: VICTIMOLOGY IS CONCERNED WITH VICTIM-CENTERED AND VICTIM-RELATED INQUIRIES, IN CONTRAST TO THE CRIMINOLOGICAL FOCUS ON THE OFFENDER. THE SCOPE OF VICTIMIZATION ENCOMPASSES CONVENTIONAL CONCEPTS OF CRIMINAL LAW AND THE VICTIM AS WELL AS THE NEWER CONCEPT OF THE OFFENDER AS VICTIM. BY STUDYING INTERACTIONAL SITUATIONS ASSOCIATED WITH VICTIMIZATION AND BY ANALYZING THE GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF VICTIMIZATION, IT IS POSSIBLE TO OBTAIN DATA OF USE IN ITS PREVENTION. INTERACTIONAL ANALYSIS IS USED TO CLASSIFY VICTIM-OFFENDER TYPES, SUCH AS THE IGNORANT VICTIM-INTELLIGENT OFFENDER SITUATION (E.G., THE CONFIDENCE OPERATION), THE PASSIVE VICTIM-AGGRESSIVE OFFENDER SITUATION, THE SITUATION IN WHICH THE VICTIM IS THE OFFENDER (E.G., 'VICTIMLESS' CRIMES), AND SITUATIONS IN WHICH INSTITUTIONS ARE THE VICTIMS. THE ELIMINATION OF CONDITIONS CONDUCIVE TO CRIMINAL VICTIMIZATION IS DISCUSSED AS AN APPROACH TO VICTIMIZATION PREVENTION. GUIDELINES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF VICTIM COMPENSATION PROGRAMS ARE OFFERED. A CHAPTER TEST AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Victim compensation; Victimization; Victimology
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44059

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