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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 44101 Find in a Library
Title: PAROLE - HOW IT IS WORKING
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE  Volume:5  Issue:3  Dated:(FALL 1977)  Pages:185-203
Author(s): W H MOSELEY
Corporate Author: Pergamon Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: Pergamon Press, Inc
Elmsford, NY 10523
Type: Statistics
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A REVIEW OF INFORMATION ON PAROLE AND ON SEVERAL DETERMINATE SENTENCING PROPOSALS CONCLUDES THAT PAROLE BOARDS CAN FORMULATE AND USE DECISION GUIDELINES AND THAT SENTENCING DISCRETION CANNOT BE ELIMINATED.
Abstract: GUIDELINES FORMULATED BY THE U.S. PAROLE COMMISSION DEMONSTRATE THAT RELEASE DECISIONS CAN BE STRUCTURED TO (1) ENHANCE EQUITY, (2) FACILITATE THE EXPLANATION FOR DECISION VARIANCE, AND (3) EXPOSE DECISION POLICY TO PUBLIC EVALUATION AND DEBATE. EMPIRICALLY, PAROLEES HAVE A HIGHER SUCCESS RATE OR LOWER PROPORTION OF NEW CONVICTIONS THAN THOSE RELEASED IN OTHER WAYS. TO WHAT EXTENT THIS IS DUE TO THE ABILITY OF PAROLE BOARDS TO SELECT GOOD RISK CASES AS OPPOSED TO THE EFFECTIVENESS OF SUPERVISION AS A RELEASE METHOD MUST AWAIT FURTHER RESEARCH. THE DETERMINATE SENTENCING PROPOSALS DISCUSSED IN THIS PAPER, INCLUDING THOSE OF INDIANA, MAINE, ILLINOIS, AND CALIFORNIA, APPEAR TO HAVE DISPLACED DISCRETION TO OTHER AREAS WHERE IT IS LESS VISIBLE AND, HENCE, LESS SUBJECT TO CONTROL. TABLES PRESENT STATISTICS ON PAROLE GUIDELINES, DETERMINATE SENTENCING TERMS, AND PAROLE PERFORMANCE FOLLOWUP (AS MEASUREED BY THE UNIFORM PAROLE REPORTS). NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED).
Index Term(s): Determinate Sentencing; Parole; Parole board; Parole board discretion; Parole statistics; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Uniform parole reports
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44101

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