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NCJ Number: 44140 Find in a Library
Title: PRISON MANAGEMENT IN THE NEXT DECADE
Journal: PRISON JOURNAL  Volume:57  Issue:2  Dated:(AUTUMN-WINTER 1977)  Pages:16-30
Author(s): N HOLT
Corporate Author: Pennsylvania Prison Soc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 15
Sponsoring Agency: Pennsylvania Prison Soc
Philadelphia, PA 19130
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE WEAKENING OF TRADITIONAL SOCIAL CONTROL MECHANISMS FOR BOTH INMATES AND PRISON STAFF IS ANALYZED, AND NEW DIRECTIONS FOR PRISON MANAGEMENT ARE SUGGESTED.
Abstract: IN TRADITIONAL PRISONS, CONTROL IS MAINTAINED BY MANIPULATION OF THE INMATE SOCIAL SYSTEM THROUGH A PROCESS IN WHICH STAFF MEMBERS APPLY RULES SELECTIVELY. IN TURN, STAFF MEMBERS ARE MANIPULATED BY THEIR SUPERIORS, WHO DEMAND LOYALTY BY SELECTIVELY APPLYING REWARDS AND SANCTIONS. DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES, LEGAL AND PROCEDURAL GUARANTEES, AND THE POLITICIZATION OF PRISONS ARE AMONG STRUCTURAL CHANGES UNDERMINING THESE TRADITIONAL MECHANISMS. SUCH CHANGES HAVE RESULTED IN THE RISE OF INMATE POLITICAL GROUPS AS A FORCE IN PRISONS, FOLLOWED BY THE DEMISE OF POLITICAL GROUPS AND THE RISE OF PRISON GANGS SPECIALIZING IN BRUTE FORCE AND VIOLENCE. IN LIGHT OF SUCH CHANGES, THERE APPEARS TO BE A NEED TO SHARE DECISIONMAKING POWER AMONG INMATES, LINE STAFF, AND PRISON ADMINISTRATORS. SUCH PROGRAMS AS SOLEDAD PRISON'S INMATE CATALYST, AN EXPERIMENTAL GRIEVANCE PROCEDURE AT A MINIMUM-CUSTODY INSTITUTION, AND AN ETHNIC RELATIONS COUNCIL AT A MEDIUM-SECURITY FACILITY HOUSING 2,400 DRUG ADDICTS EXEMPLIFY THE PROMISE OF REDISTRIBUTED DECISIONMAKING AUTHORITY AS AN AVENUE OF CORRECTIONAL REFORM.
Index Term(s): Correctional organization; Inmate organizations; Inmate Programs; Inmate self-government; Inmate staff relations; Management; Penology; Reform; Social organization
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44140

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