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NCJ Number: 44224 Find in a Library
Title: ENGLISH COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT AND CRIME - THE DANGER OF LABELLING AND GENERALIZING
Journal: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF OFFENDER THERAPY AND COMPARATIVE CRIMINOLOGY  Volume:21  Issue:2  Dated:(1977)  Pages:134-140
Author(s): D N WALKER
Corporate Author: Assoc for Psychiatric Treatment of Offenders
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 7
Sponsoring Agency: Assoc for Psychiatric Treatment of Offenders
London, NW1 6BU, England
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: CRIME PATTERNS IN A HOUSING DEVELOPMENT NEAR PORTSMOUTH, ENGLAND, ARE EXAMINED, AND EFFORTS BY PROBATION OFFICERS TO ADDRESS THE COMMUNITY'S PROBLEMS WITH DELINQUENCY AND ADULT CRIME ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE COMMUNITY IN QUESTION IS CALLED LEIGH PARK. MANY OF ITS RESIDENTS MOVED THERE FROM PORTSEA, BRINGING THAT COMMUNITY'S MYTHOLOGY, STEREOTYPES, AND LABELS WITH THEM. TWENTY-FIVE YEARS LATER, THE LABELS REMAIN; LEIGH PARK HAS A BAD REPUTATION. STATISTICS SHOW THAT LEIGH PARK RESIDENTS ACCOUNT FOR A DISPROPORTIONATE AMOUNT OF ADULT AND JUVENILE CRIME IN COMPARISON WITH OTHER COMMUNITIES IN THE SAME JURISDICTION. AMONG THE SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS DISTINGUISHING LEIGH PARK FROM NEIGHBORING COMMUNITIES ARE ITS RELATIVELY YOUNG POPULATION, HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT AMONG YOUTHS, LOWER EARNING POTENTIAL OF HEADS OF HOUSEHOLDS, AND LACK OF SOCIAL AMENITIES. PROBATION OFFICERS ARE WORKING DIRECTLY WITH LEIGH PARK YOUTH AS WELL AS WITH OTHER PROFESSIONALS AND COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS TO ADDRESS PROBLEMS. COURT OFFICERS AND SOCIAL WORKERS APPEAR TO BE IN A UNIQUE POSITION TO PROVIDE A BRIDGE BETWEEN OFFENDERS AND SOCIETY. THE LEIGH PARK EXPERIENCE IS SAID TO DEMONSTRATE HOW PEOPLE AND COMMUNITIES TEND TO ACT OUT THEIR LABELS.
Index Term(s): Crime Causes; Deviance; England; Juvenile delinquency factors; Social conditions; Suburban area studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44224

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