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NCJ Number: 44263 Find in a Library
Title: UNEMPLOYMENT AND CRIME - A STATEMENT BEFORE THE HOUSE SUBCOMMITTEE ON CRIME, SEPTEMBER 27, 1977
Author(s): L A TROPIN
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Newark, NJ 07102
Sale Source: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
S.I. Newhouse Ctr at Rutgers
15 Washington St., Fourth Floor
Newark, NJ 07102
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE VICE PRESIDENT OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL ON CRIME AND DELINQUENCY DISCUSSES THE CAUSATIVE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOYMENT AND CRIME.
Abstract: RESEARCH CONDUCTED BY THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF PRISONS SHOWS THAT, OF ALL VARIABLES EXAMINED, UNEMPLOYMENT RELATES MOST POSITIVELY TO FEDERAL PRISON POPULATION. A NATIONWIDE SURVEY FOUND A STRONG POSITIVE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE OF A STATE AND ITS CRIME RATE. OTHER STUDIES FOUND THAT THE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE FOR EX-OFFENDERS IS THREE TIMES AS HIGH AS THAT OF THE GENERAL PUBLIC, AND THAT PAROLEES WHO ARE ABLE TO FIND JOBS ARE LESS LIKELY TO COMMIT CRIMES THAN THOSE WHO CANNOT FIND JOBS. STUDIES IN ENGLAND, SCOTLAND, AND CANADA ALSO SUGGEST A RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN UNEMPLOYMENT AND CRIME. THE NATION IS URGED TO CONCENTRATE ITS RESOURCES ON THE CAUSES OF CRIME, PARTICULARLY ON UNEMPLOYMENT, RATHER THAN ON EXPANSION OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. IT IS POINTED OUT THAT THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ACTUALLY DEALS WITH ONLY A SMALL FRACTION OF THOSE WHO BREAK THE LAW. ALTHOUGH IMPROVEMENTS IN THE SYSTEM ARE CALLED FOR, THEY WILL HAVE A LIMITED EFFECT ON THE INCIDENCE OF CRIME. THE ROOTS OF CRIME ARE TO BE FOUND IN THE NATION'S MOST BASIC SOCIAL AND ECONOMIC PROBLEMS. THE GOVERNMENT IS URGED TO TAKE ALL POSSIBLE STEPS TO STIMULATE THE ECONOMY SO THAT JOBS FOR THE UNEMPLOYED, ESPECIALLY THE YOUNG UNEMPLOYED, WILL BECOME AVAILABLE. IN RESPONDING TO QUESTIONS BY SUBCOMMITTEE MEMBERS, THE AUTHOR COMMENTS ON SUCH MATTERS AS CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, INCARCERATION AND DETERRENCE, TREATMENT OF JUVENILE OFFENDERS, AND STATE-TO-STATE VARIANCES IN PRISON POPULATIONS AND LEVELS OF POVERTY.
Index Term(s): Cause removal crime prevention; Congressional information; Federal programs; Victimology
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44263

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