skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 44346 Find in a Library
Title: PERSON-CENTERED SERVICE DELIVERY (FROM JUSTICE AND OLDER AMERICANS, 1977 BY MARLENE A YOUNG RIFAI - SEE NCJ-44336)
Author(s): T WETLE; N WHITELAW
Corporate Author: D C Heath and Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: D C Heath and Co
Lexington, MA 02173
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: INDIVIDUAL AUTONOMY, ACCEPTANCE, AND SECURITY FOR OLDER PERSONS CHARACTERIZE A PERSON-CENTERED APPROACH TO LINKING THE ELDERLY AND THEIR PERSONAL SUPPORTS WITH THE FORMAL SOCIAL SERVICES PROCESS.
Abstract: THE PERSON-CENTERED APPROACH IS OF USE IN DETERMINING THE SOCIAL SERVICE NEEDS OF INDIVIDUAL CLIENTS, IN ASSESSING EXISTING SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN COMMUNITIES, IN ASSESSING PROPOSED IMPROVEMENTS, AND IN GENERATING AND CLASSIFYING PROGRAM OPTIONS. THE BASIC FEATURE OF THE PERSON-CENTERED APPROACH IS THAT IT FOCUSES ON THE INDIVIDUAL IN THE CONTEXT OF HIS DAY-TO-DAY RELATIONSHIPS WITH OTHER INDIVIDUALS, GROUPS, AND COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS. THIS CONTEXT IS REFERRED TO AS THE INDIVIDUAL'S PERSONAL SUPPORT SYSTEM, WHICH COMPRISES THREE ELEMENTS: THE ELDERLY CLIENT, INCLUDING HIS OR HER SKILLS, VALUES, ATTRIBUTES, AND POSSESSIONS; THE LIFE SPACE, INCLUDING HOME AND NEIGHBORHOOD; AND THE SOCIAL NETWORK OF FAMILY, FRIENDS, AND OTHERS. THE FORMAL SERVICE SYSTEM CONSISTS OF THE NUMEROUS PROGRAMS AND SERVICES (HOSPITALS, CLINICS, COUNSELING AGENCIES, SENIOR CENTERS, HOME HELP PROGRAMS, VICTIMIZATION PROGRAMS) IN THE COMMUNITY'S SERVICE SECTOR. THE PRIMARY RESPONSIBILITY OF THE FORMAL SUPPORT SYSTEM IS TO STRENGTHEN THE PERSONAL SUPPORT SYSTEM. THIS ORIENTATION CALLS FOR SIGNIFICANT SHIFTS IN TRADITIONAL PRACTICES. THE SERVICE PROVIDER, RATHER THAN THE SERVICE RECIPIENT, MUST BE ADAPTABLE AND FLEXIBLE. FORMAL SERVICES MUST SUPPLEMENT RATHER THAN REPLACE PERSONAL SUPPORTS. THE FORMAL SYSTEM SHOULD ACTIVELY INVOLVE AND TAKE INTO ACCOUNT ALL ASPECTS OF THE PERSONAL SYSTEM. EXISTING COMMUNITY SERVICES FOR THE ELDERLY ARE ORGANIZED AROUND PROBLEM CATEGORIES OR PROFESSIONAL SPECIALTIES, ARE FACILITY-CENTERED, AND ARE LACKING IN VARIETY. NEW SUPPORT OPTIONS REFLECTING THE CLIENT-ORIENTED APPROACH ARE NEEDED.
Index Term(s): Needs assessment; Older Adults (65+); Services
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44346

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.