skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 44425 Find in a Library
Title: PROCESS OF SHAW AND MCKAY (FROM DELINQUENT AND HIS NEIGHBORS, 1975 BY ANTHONY SORRENTINO - SEE NCJ-44424)
Author(s): J R BENNETT
Corporate Author: R F Publishing, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: R F Publishing, Inc
Washington, DC 20023
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE THEORY AND PROCESS OF SHAW AND MCKAY'S WORK TO LOCALIZE THE PROBLEM OF DELINQUENCY ARE EVALUATED.
Abstract: CLIFFORD SHAW AND HENRY MCKAY, WHOSE WORK BEGAN IN THE 1920'S AND 1930'S, ARE CONSIDERED TO BE THE INITIATORS OF A SOCIOLOGICAL INTERPRETATION OF DELINQUENCY. THEY COLLECTED LIFE HISTORIES OF DELINQUENTS AND ADULT OFFENDERS FOR THE PURPOSE OF EXPLORING AND ILLUSTRATING THE SOCIAL PROCESSES IMMEDIATELY SURROUNDING A DELINQUENT'S CONDUCT. A CRIME SURVEY THEY CONDUCTED IN 1929 SERVED TO LOCALIZE THE PROBLEM OF DELINQUENCY INTO PARTICULAR GEOGRAPHICAL AREAS WITH HIGH RATES OF DELINQUENCY. ONCE THE PROBLEM HAD BEEN LOCALIZED, THEY COULD ANALYZE ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL FACTORS WHICH CONTRIBUTED TO IT. THE INITIAL LOCATING OF PLACES WITH HIGH DELINQUENCY RATES HAD FOUR FUNCTIONS: (1) IT POINTED TO THE NEED FOR SOCIAL, RATHER THAN PURELY INDIVIDUAL, INTERPRETATIONS OF DELINQUENCY; (2) THE FACT THAT THE AREA RATES REMAINED CONSTANT WHILE VARIOUS NATIONALITY GROUPS MOVED INTO AND OUT OF THESE SECTIONS FALSIFIED THE NOTION OF THE 'INNATE CRIMINALITY' OF PARTICULAR ETHNIC GROUPS; (3) IT ENABLED RESEARCHERS TO DIRECT THEIR ATTENTION TO PLACES WHERE THERE WAS SO MUCH DELINQUENCY THAT IT COULD EASILY BE VIEWED; AND (4) THE RATES INDICATED THE EXTENT OF THE PROBLEM IN PARTICULAR AREAS AND POINTED TO THOSE PLACES WHERE PREVENTIVE MEASURES ESPECIALLY NEEDED TO BE EMPLOYED. SHAW AND MCKAY'S CHICAGO AREA PROJECT, ESTABLISHED IN 1934, WAS SET UP IN THREE AREAS OF CHICAGO THAT TRADITIONALLY HAD HIGH DELINQUENCY RATES. THE PROJECT INVOLVED COMMUNITY RESIDENTS' COOPERATION IN IMPROVING THE AREA AND IN TAKING A PERSONAL INTEREST IN ITS DELINQUENT YOUTHS. SHAW AND MCKAY'S STUDIES WERE LIMITED TO EXAMINATIONS OF THE INTERACTIONS OF PERSONS WITHIN ONE AREA; THEY DID NOT STUDY THE RELATIONS AMONG DIFFERENT AREAS. HOWEVER, THEIR WORK DID PROVIDE A SOUND STARTING POINT FOR FURTHER RESEARCH.
Index Term(s): Environmental influences; Illinois; Social conditions; Urban area studies
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44425

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.