skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 44427 Find in a Library
Title: AMERICAN PRISONS - A HISTORY OF GOOD INTENTIONS
Author(s): B MCKELVEY
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 423
Sponsoring Agency:
Montclair, NJ 07042
Sale Source: 23 Prospect Terrace
Montclair, NJ 07042
United States of America
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE HISTORY OF THE AMERICAN PRISON SYSTEM -- CHANGING STANDARDS, REFORM MOVEMENTS, CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORIES, AND CONFRONTATIONS -- IS TRACED FROM ITS ORIGINS IN 1835 UP TO 1977.
Abstract: THE ORIGINS OF THE PRISON SYSTEM IN AMERICA, EARLY THEORIES OF CORRECTIONS AND METHODS OF PUNISHMENT, AS WELL AS EARLY EFFORTS AT REFORM AND IMPORVEMENT OF PRISONERS' CONDITIONS, ARE OUTLINED. EMERGING HUMANITARIAN THOUGHT AND CHANGING IDEAS IN ALL AREAS OF SOCIETY HAD AN IMPACT ON PENOLOGY AND THE TREATMENT OF PRISONERS. EXPANSION OF THE SYSTEM FROM THE NORTHEAST TO THE SOUTHERN AND WESTERN STATES AND VARIATIONS IN CONSTRUCTION, REGIMEN, AND OVERALL PHILOSOPHY AMONG REGIONS ARE DISCUSSED. WIDESPREAD HUMANITARIAN MOVEMENTS GAINED IMPORTANCE IN THE POST-CIVIL WAR ERA, AND THE CONCEPT OF THE REFORMATORY WON SUPPORT. THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION SAW THE INCREASED USE OF CONVICT LABOR AND THE GROWTH OF PRISON FACTORIES. EDUCATIONAL PROJECTS FOR PRISONERS FOLLOWED. THE STATE OF PRISONS BY THE 1890'S IS EVALUATED, INCLUDING PRISON MANAGEMENT, STANDARDS OF LIVING, AND DISCIPLINE. A CHAPTER ON THE DEVELOPMENTS IN SOUTHERN PRISONS LOOKS AT CHAIN GANGS, RACISM, AND BRUTALITY. PRISONS IN THE GREAT WEST EVOLVED FROM THE 'MAKESHIFT PENOLOGY' OF THE TERRITORIES. THE TWENTIETH CENTURY BROUGHT NEW VIEWS ON REHABILITATION AND CLASSIFICATION AND AN INTEREST IN PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING. WITH THE 1950'S AND 1960'S CAME CONFRONTATION, RIOTS, CONCERN WITH PRISONERS' RIGHTS, AND A SEARCH FOR ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION. PROSPECTS FOR THE FUTURE ARE PROJECTED. AN INDEX IS PROVIDED, AND BIBLIOGRAPHICAL NOTES FOLLOW EACH CHAPTER.
Main Term(s): Correctional reform
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (adult); Correctional planning; Reform; United States of America
Note: PATTERSON SMITH SERIES IN CRIMINOLOGY, LAW ENFORCEMENT, AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44427

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.