skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 44540 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: US NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW OBSERVANCE AND ENFORCEMENT - REPORT NO 2 - REPORT ON THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE PROHIBITION LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES
Author(s): ANON
Date Published: 1931
Page Count: 289
Sponsoring Agency:
Montclair, NJ 07042
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: 23 Prospect Terrace
Montclair, NJ 07042
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Historical Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE OBSERVATION OF PROHIBITION LAWS AND DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED IN THEIR ENFORCEMENT ARE REVIEWED, AND PROPOSALS FOR MORE EFFECTIVE ENFORCEMENT ARE PRESENTED IN THIS 1931 REPORT.
Abstract: THE HISTORY OF LIQUOR CONTROL IS TRACED FROM COLONIAL TIMES. THE PASSAGE OF THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT IN 1920 ENACTING PROHIBITION AND ENFORCEMENT SINCE THAT TIME ARE DISCUSSED. THE CONDITION OF ENFORCEMENT IN 1931 IS EVALUATED, AND A WIDESPREAD DISREGARD FOR THE LAW IS REVEALED. THE PROBLEM OF INDIVIDUAL STATE COOPERATION IN ENFORCEMENT OF PROHIBITION LAWS AND THE MANY SOURCES OF ILLEGAL LIQUOR (E.G., IMPORTATION, ILLICIT DISTILLING, DIVERSION OF MEDICINAL AND SACRAMENTAL LIQUOR) CONTRIBUTE TO THE DIFFICULTIES OF NATIONAL ENFORCEMENT. MANY OF THE BAD FEATURES OF THE SITUATION ARE EXAMINED, INCLUDING CORRUPTION; PUBLIC OPINION AGAINST PROHIBITION; ECONOMIC DIFFICULTIES (THE HIGH MARGIN OF PROFIT IN BOOTLEGGING); AND THE INORDINATE STRAIN ON COURTS, PROSECUTING MACHINERY, AND PENAL INSTITUTIONS. PROPOSALS FOR MORE EFFECTIVE ENFORCEMENT -- BETTER ORGANIZATION OF ENFORCING AGENCIES, IMPROVEMENTS IN THE STATUTES AND REGULATIONS, GREATER CIVIC COOPERATION, AND PUBLIC EDUCATION -- ARE DISCUSSED. SEVERAL PROPOSED ALTERNATIVES TO THE SYSTEM ARE EVALUATED, INCLUDING REPEAL OR MODIFICATION OF THE NATIONAL PROHIBITION ACT AND REVISION OF THE EIGHTEENTH AMENDMENT. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS ARE SUMMARIZED. A FINAL SECTION CONTAINS THE SEPARATE STATEMENTS OF THE MEMBERS OF THE NATIONAL COMMISSION ON LAW OBSERVANCE AND ENFORCEMENT (THE WICKERSHAM COMMISSION) REGARDING THEIR FINDINGS AND SUGGESTIONS FOR IMPROVEMENT.
Index Term(s): Law enforcement; Liquor control laws; Liquor law violations; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Smuggling/Trafficking
Note: REPORTS 1 AND 2 ARE CONTAINED IN ONE VOLUME
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=44540

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.