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NCJ Number: 47312 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: MINNESOTA - INTRODUCTION TO THE ANALYSIS OF MINNESOTA'S OFFENDER BASED TRANSACTION STATISTICS (OBTS) - RESEARCH REPORT
Author(s): S COLEMAN; D GENADEK
Corporate Author: Minnesota Crime Control Planning Board (See Minnesota Criminal Justice Program)
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 68
Sponsoring Agency: Minnesota Crime Control Planning Board (See Minnesota Criminal Justice Program)

National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: MINNESOTA'S OFFENDER BASED TRANSACTION STATISTICS (OBTS) SYSTEM IS EXAMINED, AND THE MANNER IN WHICH DATA ON CRIMINAL DEFENDANTS IS COLLECTED AND SORTED IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: MINNESOTA POLICE REPORT TWO KINDS OF DATA: CRIMINAL INCIDENT REPORTS (WHICH BECOME PART OF THE UNIFORM CRIME REPORTS PUBLISHED BY THE STATE AND SUBSEQUENTLY BY THE FEDERAL BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION) AND REPORTS ON PERSONS ARRESTED FOR CRIMES. THE LATTER REPORTS START THE FLOW OF INFORMATION ON CRIMINAL DEFENDANTS KNOWN AS THE OBTS. WHEN THE OFFENDER-BASED REPORTS REACH THE POINT AT WHICH THEY ARE ENTERED INTO THE OBTS DATA FILE, THE NAMES OF THE DEFENDANTS ARE REPLACED BY NUMBERS, AND NO RECORD IS KEPT OF WHICH PERSON HAS WHICH NUMBER. FOR PURPOSES OF ANALYSIS, THE OBTS DATA HAVE SHORTCOMINGS: THE PROBLEM OF INCOMPLETE AND INACCURATE REPORTING; REPORTING DELAYS; AND, DUE TO THE LACK OF CRIMINAL HISTORY INFORMATION IN THE OBTS FILE, THE INABILITY TO DETERMINE WHETHER AN INDIVIDUAL HAS A PRIOR RECORD. DESPITE THESE SHORTCOMINGS, THE OBTS DATA ACCURATELY DESCRIBE THE PROCESSING OF DEFENDANTS THROUGH THE STATE'S CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM. THE DATA CAN BE USED TO EXAMINE COURT PROCESSING TIME, SENTENCING PATTERNS, THE CHARGING OF CRIMES, DIFFERENCES AMONG COUNTIES OR JUDICIAL DISTRICTS, TRIAL OUTCOMES, USE OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE ATTORNEYS, AND DIFFERENCES ATTRIBUTABLE TO THE RACE, SEX, OR AGE OF DEFENDANTS. THE DATA ARE ALSO OF USE IN MONITORING FOR CHANGES IN THE SYSTEM AND IN EVALUATING PLANNED CHANGES. OBTS-RELATED RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND METHODS OF ANALYSIS ARE ADDRESSED. EXAMPLES OF DATA ANALYSIS ARE PROVIDED. SUPPORTING DOCUMENTATION IS INCLUDED.
Index Term(s): Criminal justice information systems; Data analysis; Data collections; Minnesota; Offender-based transaction statistics
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=47312

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