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NCJ Number: 47372 Find in a Library
Title: EVALUATING CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS, APRIL 1977
Author(s): R K YIN
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 19
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America

National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE LIMITATIONS AND OPTIONS IN EVALUATING CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: IT IS ACKNOWLEDGED THAT THE EFFECTS OF CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION ACTIVITIES ARE DIFFICULT TO EVALUATE IN A RIGOROUS, SCIENTIFIC MANNER DUE TO THE STATE OF EVALUATION METHODOLOGY, WHICH BREAKS DOWN IN THE ABSENCE OF AN EVENT OR DISPLACEMENT EFFECTS. ALSO, CITIZEN ACTS CANNOT BE MANIPULATED EASILY BY AN EVALUATOR, AND THE KEY ACTIVITIES MAY CONSIST OF INFORMAL INTERACTIONS AND SURVEILLANCE PROCEDURES THAT ARE DIFFICULT TO MEASURE. HOWEVER, IT IS ARGUED THAT THE EXISTENCE OF SUCH LIMITATIONS IS NO REASON TO DISCOURAGE CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION EFFORTS, PARTICULARLY SINCE THE COST OF SUCH EFFORTS IS NOT THAT HIGH. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT WHERE CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS ARE CONSIDERED, RESEARCHERS AND POLICYMAKERS SHOULD GIVE SPECIAL ATTENTION TO EVALUATIVE QUESTIONS THAT CAN BE REASONABLY PURSUED. VARIOUS EVALUATION APPROACHES ARE SUGGESTED. THE VERBALLY REPORTED EFFECT OF A VOLUNTARY CRIME PREVENTION ACTIVITY ON RESIDENTS' BEHAVIOR AND FEELINGS OF SAFETY IS SUGGESTED AS ONE EVALUATION TECHNIQUE. ANOTHER TECHNIQUE INVOLVES MEASURES OF THE PRESUMED EFFECT OF A VOLUNTARY CRIME PREVENTION ACTIVITY ON THE VICTIMIZATION RATES AMONG THE RESIDENTS, ALTHOUGH THIS WOULD HAVE TO BE DONE WITH RECOGNIZED LIMITATIONS AND AT A FAIRLY HIGH COST. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT EVALUATION FOR POSITIVE EFFECTS NOT BE OF CRIME CONSIDERATION IN FUNDING VOLUNTARY CITIZEN CRIME PREVENTION PROGRAMS, SINCE THERE IS SO LITTLE COST INVOLVED. RATHER, IT IS PROPOSED THAT WHERE STRONG SUPPORT FOR A PROGRAM EXISTS, FUNDS SHOULD BE GRANTED UNLESS THERE IS COMPELLING EVIDENCE THAT NEGATIVE EFFECTS WOULD RESULT. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Community crime prevention programs; Evaluation; Evaluation techniques
Note: RAND PAPER SERIES
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=47372

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