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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 47578 Find in a Library
Title: SYSTEMS PLANNING IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE - AN EXAMPLE OF AN INTERDISCIPLINARY ENDEAVOR (FROM NEW AND THE OLD CRIMINOLOGY, 1978, BY EDITH ELISABETH FLYNN AND JOHN P CONRAD - SEE NCJ-47562)
Author(s): E E FLYNN
Corporate Author: Praeger Publishers
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Praeger Publishers
Westport, CT 06881
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE RESULTS OF LEAA-SPONSORED RESEARCH ON THE PLANNING AND DESIGN OF REGIONAL AND COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES FOR ADULTS ARE DISCUSSED, WITH ATTENTION TO GUIDELINES FOR ADMINISTRATORS AND ARCHITECTS.
Abstract: THE 1972 STUDY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS (URBANA) TO PREPARE GUIDELINES THAT WOULD AID STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS IN ACHIEVING MORE INNOVATIVE CORRECTIONAL PROGRAM AND FACILITY PLANNING. A GROUP OF SOCIOLOGISTS AND ARCHITECTS DEVELOPED A PLANNING MODEL WHICH PROMOTED COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS. THE THEORETICAL PERSPECTIVE OF THE MODEL IS CHARACTERIZED BY SUCH CONCEPTS AS 'RESOCIALIZATION' AND 'REINTEGRATION,' AND ITS UNDERLYING THEORY RESTS ON INTERRELATED PROPOSITIONS CONCERNING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CRIME AND SOCIETY. THE CONCEPTUALIZED MODEL INCORPORATES THE FOLLOWING DESIGN ELEMENTS: (1) UNIFORM STATE PLANNING, REQUIRED FOR OPTIMAL RESULTS; (2) TOTAL SYSTEM PLANNING, TO PROVIDE THE NECESSARY CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE IDENTIFICATION OF CHANGING STATE AND PLANNING AREA NEEDS AND TO GUARANTEE THE GREATEST DEVELOPMENT OF COMPREHENSIVE CRIME PREVENTION AND CRIME REDUCTION PROGRAMS AND THE MAXIMUM UTILIZATION OF RESOURCES; AND (3) A FLEXIBLE PHYSICAL STRUCTURE, CONSISTING OF AN INTAKE CENTER, COMMUNITY CORRECTIONAL CENTERS, AND HIGH SECURITY FACILITIES. THE MODEL PROVIDES A VALIDATED APPROACH TO COMPREHENSIVE PLANNING BY WHICH AGENCIES AND INSTITUTIONS CAN BE TRANSFORMED INTO A MORE RESPONSIVE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM, PERMITS A SYSTEMATIC RESPONSE TO IDENTIFIED NEEDS, OFFERS A DIVERSIY OF PROGRAMS AND INDIVIDUAL RESPONSES FOR EACH CATEGORY OF OFFENSE, UTILIZES TO THE MAXIMUM EXTENT EXISTING HUMAN SERVICE RESOURCES, AND DEEMPHASIZES IMPRISONMENT AS THE MOST EXPENSIVE AND LEAST EFFECTIVE RESPONSE TO DEVIANCE BY STRESSING ALTERNATIVES TO INCARCERATION. NOTES AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (BAC)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Architectural design; Community-based corrections (adult); Correctional planning; Model programs; Planning
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=47578

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