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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 47917 Find in a Library
Title: ENVIRONMENT FOR TREATING YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS - THE ROBERT F KENNEDY YOUTH CENTER
Journal: OFFENDER REHABILITATION  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(WINTER 1977)  Pages:159-172
Author(s): V S JOHNSON
Corporate Author: Haworth Press, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: Haworth Press, Inc
Binghamton, NY 13904
Type: Program Description (Model)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: AN EXPERIMENTAL RESIDENTIAL PROGRAM DESIGNED TO REHABILITATE AND REDUCE RECIDIVISM AMONG JUVENILE OFFENDERS IS DESCRIBED, WITH REFERENCE TO FOLLOWUP STUDIES OF PROGRAM PARTICIPANTS.
Abstract: THE ROBERT F KENNEDY YOUTH CENTER'S PHILOSOPHY, ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE, INMATE CLASSIFICATION AND TREATMENT METHODS, EDUCATIONAL AND VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND TOKEN ECONOMY SYSTEM ARE DISCUSSED. IT IS NOTED THAT DECENTRALIZATION OF AUTHORITY WAS AN IMPORTANT ORGANIZATIONAL FEATURE DISTINGUISHING THE CENTER FROM OTHER FEDERAL CORRECTIONAL FACILITIES FOR YOUTHS. MAJOR EVALUATIVE AND RESEARCH STUDIES PERFORMED AT THE CENTER ARE SUMMARIZED. TWO-YEAR FOLLOWUP DATA INDICATED THAT YOUTHS RELEASED FROM THE CENTER HAD BETTER PAROLE RECORDS THAN COMPARABLE YOUTHS RELEASED FROM CONTROL INSTITUTIONS. HOWEVER, 3-YEAR FOLLOWUP DATA SHOWED NO DIFFERENCES IN RECIDIVISM BETWEEN THE TWO GROUPS. THE KENNEDY YOUTH CENTER'S EXPERIENCE IS SAID TO DEMONSTRATE THAT CORRECTIONAL PROGRAMS ULTIMATELY REFLECT STAFF ADAPTATIONS TO CONDITIONS PREVAILING BOTH INSIDE AND OUTSIDE THE INSTITUTION. IT IS NOTED THAT, ALTHOUGH TECHNOLOGY TO CREATE INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTS FOR REHABILITATION IS EXTANT, THERE DOES NOT EXIST A TECNOLOGY FOR ACCOMODATING CHANGING GOALS, OVERCROWDING, LEGAL AND SOCIAL TRENDS MILITATING AGAINST REHABILITATION, AND THE INCOMPATIBILITY OF BAHAVIORAL TECHNOLOGY AND CORRECTIONAL SETTINGS. A LIST OF REFERENCES IS INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--LKM)
Index Term(s): Correctional institutions (juvenile); Correctional organization; Federal correctional facilities; Inmate Programs; Model programs; Program evaluation; Recidivism; Rehabilitation; Token economies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=47917

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