skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 47960 Find in a Library
Title: LIMITED TREND TOWARD STATE COURT FINANCING (FROM SOUTH CENTRAL REGIONAL CONFERENCE ON THE JUDICIARY - FINAL REPORT, JANUARY 21 AND 22, 1977 - SEE NCJ-47958)
Author(s): C BAAR
Corporate Author: New Mexico Administrative Office of the Courts
United States of America

National Ctr for State Courts
South Central Regional Office
University of Oklahoma Law Ctr
United States of America

New Mexico Supreme Court
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 8
Sponsoring Agency: National Ctr for State Courts
Norman, OK 73069
New Mexico Administrative Office of the Courts
Santa Fe, NM 87501
New Mexico Supreme Court
Santa Fe, NM 87501
Type: Statistics
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TRENDS IN STATE FINANCING OF LOCAL COURTS ARE TRACED THROUGH BUREAU OF THE CENSUS DATA. REASONS WHY STATE FUNDING HAS RUN INTO OPPOSITION AND TACTICS WHICH MAY HELP OVERCOME THIS OPPOSITION ARE EXAMINED.
Abstract: COURT REFORMERS HAVE TENDED TO SEE STATE FINANCING AND UNITARY BUDGETING AS THE APPROPRIATE SOLUTION TO THE FISCAL DILEMMA OF LOCAL COURTS. EXAMINATION OF AVAILABLE DATA, HOWEVER, SHOWS THAT INCREASES IN STATE FUNDING HAVE BEEN ACTIVELY RESISTED BY STATE LEGISLATURES AND LOCAL COURTS ALIKE. TABLES PRESENT FIGURES GATHERED BY THE CENSUS BUREAU UNDER A LEAA GRANT. THESE DATA, PRESENTING A STATE-BY-STATE SUMMARY OF JUDICIAL EXPENDITURES FUNDED BY STATE RATHER THAN LOCAL GOVERNMENTS (SHOWN AS A PERCENTAGE OF TOTAL JUDICIAL EXPENDITURES), COVER THE YEARS 1968 TO 1972 AND 1972 TO 1974. THEY SHOW THAT OVERALL STATE FUNDING INCREASED ONLY SLIGHTLY OVER THE 6-YEAR PERIOD. ONLY COLORADO AND NEW MEXICO SHIFTED MORE THAN 25 PERCENT, AND BOTH OF THESE STATES ADOPTED MAJOR COURT REFORM PROPOSALS. OF THE 10 MOST POPULOUS STATES, 9 SHOWED LITTLE CHANGE. THE GREATEST STATE FUNDING IS FOUND IN THE SMALLEST STATES. REASONS FOR OPPOSING STATE FUNDING ARE EXAMINED. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT MOST COURT REFORMERS TIE STATE FUNDING TO UNITARY BUDGETING, WHICH IGNORES THE DESIRE OF LOCAL JURISDICTIONS FOR CONTROL OVER THEIR COURTS. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT A GRANT SYSTEM, SUCH AS THAT WHICH IS USUALLY USED FOR SCHOOLS, MIGHT ENGENDER LESS OPPOSITION. SUCH A SYSTEM IS USED IN PENNSYLVANIA. ALTHOUGH IT RAISES QUESTIONS ABOUT FAIRNESS OF THE FORMULA, IT IS STILL MORE ACCEPTABLE TO THE PUBLIC THAN UNITARY BUDGETING. REASONS WHY THE LOS ANGELES COURT SYSTEM HAS OPPOSED UNITARY BUDGETING AS ALSO EXAMINED. REFORMERS ARE URGED TO ACKNOWLEDGE THE DIVERSITY OF LOCAL COURTS AND THEIR NEEDS. FOOTNOTES CONTAIN REFERENCES. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Court costs; Court reform; Funding sources; Local government; Reform; State aid; State government; Statistics
Note: REPRINTED FROM JUDICATURE (1975)
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=47960

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.