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NCJ Number: 48044 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PLEA-BARGAINING IN THE LIGHT OF ARCHIVAL DATA: A STUDY OF ALAMEDA COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
Author(s): C J HALVERSON; R V PERCIVAL; L M FRIEDMAN
Corporate Author: Stanford University
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 39
Sponsoring Agency: Stanford University
Stanford, CA 94305
US Dept of Justice
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 75-NI-99-0086
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE HISTORY, STATUS, AND PRO'S AND CON'S OF PLEA BARGAINING ARE REVIEWED, AND DATA ON PLEA-BARGAINING PRACTICES IN THE ALAMEDA COUNTY SUPERIOR COURT FROM 1880 THROUGH 1974 ARE ANALYZED.
Abstract: THE OPENING DISCUSSION REVIEWS LITERATURE DOCUMENTING ARGUMENTS FOR AND AGAINST PLEA BARGAINING, DESCRIBES THE VARIOUS FORMS OF PLEA BARGAINING, AND CITES HISTORICAL STUDIES OF PLEA BARGAINING. THE ANALYSIS OF INITIAL AND CHANGED PLEAS OF GUILTY IN ALAMEDA COUNTY SUPERIOR COURT SINCE 1880 SUGGESTS THAT PLEA BARGAINING HAS BEEN PRESENT SINCE THE COURT'S BEGINNING AND THAT THE FORM OF BARGAINING HAS CHANGED OVER THE COURSE OF THE PERIOD EXAMINED. PLEA BARGAINING APPARENTLY WAS NOT UNUSUAL IN THE 19TH CENTURY; HOWEVER, NEITHER THEN NOR IN THE FIRST DECADES OF THE 20TH CENTURY WAS PLEA BARGAINING DOMINANT. IT WAS ONLY AFTER WORLD WAR II THAT PLEA BARGAINING WAS FORMALLY USED IN THE MAJORITY OF FELONY CASES. THE DATA ALSO SUGGEST THAT BOTH IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT BARGAINING HAVE EXISTED SINCE 1880 BUT THAT IMPLICIT BARGAINING IS BEING REPLACED BY EXPLICIT BARGAINING. THE TREND IN MORE RECENT YEARS IS FOR DEFENDANTS TO PLEAD NOT GUILTY INITIALLY, BARGAIN, CHANGE THEIR PLEAS, AND PLEAD GUILTY TO LESSER OR FEWER CHARGES. IMPLICATIONS OF THE FINDINGS FOR PROPOSED REFORMS IN PLEA-BARGAINING PRACTICES ARE DISCUSSED. SUPPORTING TABULAR DATA ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): California; Plea negotiations; Pleas; Statistics
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48044

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