skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48074 Find in a Library
Title: PROFILE OF A TERRORIST
Journal: MILITARY REVIEW  Volume:57  Issue:8  Dated:(AUGUST 1977)  Pages:21-34
Author(s): C A RUSSELL; B H MILLER
Corporate Author: US Dept of the Army
US Army Command and General Staff College
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 14
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of the Army
Fort Leavenworth, KS 66027
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A SOCIOLOGICAL PORTRAIT OF THE MODERN URBAN TERRORIST IS DRAWN USING DATA ON 350 INDIVIDUALS IN 18 WORLDWIDE REVOLUTIONARY GROUPS WHICH WERE ACTIVE FROM 1966-1976.
Abstract: INDIVIDUALS ENGAGED IN NATIONAL AND TRANSNATIONAL TERRORISM POSSESS COMMON CHARACTERISTICS OF SOCIAL ORIGIN, POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY, EDUCATION, AGE, AND FAMILY BACKGROUND. TO SUPPORT THIS CONTENTION, TERRORIST LEADERS FROM PALESTINIAN, JAPANESE, GERMAN, IRISH, ITALIAN, TURKISH, SPANISH, IRANIAN, ARGENTINE, BRAZILIAN, AND URUGUAYAN GROUPS ARE EXAMINED. THE URBAN TERRORIST IS GENERALLY BETWEEN 22 AND 25 YEARS OF AGE. THE JAPANESE, PALESTINIAN, AND WEST GERMAN GROUPS WERE AN EXCEPTION; THEY TENDED TO BE OLDER. AMONG THE GROUPS STUDIED, TERRORISM WAS FOUND TO BE PREDOMINANTLY MALE-ORIENTED. THE EXCEPTIONS TO THIS GENERALIZATION ARE LISTED. WHERE WOMEN DID PLAY AN ACTIVE ROLE IN THE TERRORIST CADRE, MOST WOMEN FUNCTIONED IN A SUPPORTIVE ROLE. TERRORISTS ARE ALMOST ALWAYS UNMARRIED, DUE TO REQUIREMENTS FOR MOBILITY, FLEXIBILITY, INITIATIVE, SECURITY, AND TOTAL DEDICATION TO A REVOLUTIONARY CAUSE. MOST URBAN TERRORISTS ARE NATIVES OR LONG-TIME RESIDENTS OF METROPOLITAN AREAS WHERE THEY FREQUENTLY OPERATE. THESE TERRORISTS ARE OFTEN PRODUCTS OF MIDDLE-CLASS AND UPPER-CLASS ENVIRONMENTS, ARE UNIVERSITY GRADUATES, OR HAVE HAD SOME UNIVERSITY TRAINING. THE UNIVERSITY OFTEN SERVES AS THE PRIMARY INTELLECTUAL RECRUITING GROUND FOR THE TERRORIST CADRE. A PRISON MAY SERVE AS A SECONDARY RECRUITMENT AREA. THE GENERAL IDEOLOGY OF THE URBAN TERRORIST TENDS TO INCORPORATE ANARCHISTIC OR MARXIST-LENINIST PHILOSOPHIES. THE VIEWS OF MAO, TROTSKY, MARCUSE, FANON, AND MARIGHELA ARE USUALLY SYNTHESIZED INTO A BROAD PHILOSOPHY. THE PROFILE OF THE TERRORIST MAY CHANGE IN TWO WAYS IN THE FUTURE: THERE SEEMS TO BE A TREND TOWARD RECRUITMENT OF YOUNGER AND YOUNGER LEADERS AND AN INCREASING NUMBER ARE BEING RECRUITED FROM VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS WHERE THE SKILLS THEY LEARNED MAY BE USED TO FURTHER THEIR CAUSE. NOTES ARE PROVIDED. (JSP) MAY BE USED TO FURTHER THEIR CAUSE. NOTES ARE PROVIDED (JSP)
Index Term(s): Arab terrorist groups; Female revolutionaries; International terrorism; Revolutionary or terrorist groups; Terrorism causes; Terrorist profiles
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48074

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.