skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48158 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: COMPUTER'S USE IN JURY SELECTION AND MANAGEMENT - DO WE NEED TO WAIT FOR STATUTORY CHANGE?
Journal: RUTGERS JOURNAL OF COMPUTERS AND THE LAW  Volume:6  Issue:2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:155-175
Author(s): F M GREGURAS; I KEILITZ
Corporate Author: Rutgers University
School of Law
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 21
Sponsoring Agency: Rutgers University
Newark, NJ 07102
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 76-N1-99-0136
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE UTILIZATION OF COMPUTERS FOR JURY SELECTION AND MANAGEMENT, EVEN IN THE ABSENCE OF STATUTES WHICH EXPRESSLY AUTHORIZE THEIR USE, IS DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE AUTHOR MAINTAINS THAT, WHETHER AN AUTOMATED SYSTEM IS USED OR NOT, JURY SELECTION UTILIZATION, AND MANAGEMENT CAN BEST BE VIEWED AS A TOTAL INTERRELATED SYSTEM. THE TOTAL SYSTEMS APPROACH INVOLVES AN IDENTIFICATION AND ANALYSIS OF THE STRUCTURE, RESOURCES AND PROCESSES OF A COURT IN VIEW OF ITS OPERATIONAL OBJECTIVES. WHILE THE TOTAL SYSTEMS APPROACH DOES NOT REQUIRE THAT A PROCESS BE AUTOMATED IN ORDER FOR IT TO REACH ITS FUNCTIONAL OBJECTIVES, IT DOES ENCOMPASS STEP-BY-STEP AUTOMATION WITHIN AN OVERALL PLAN RESULTING FROM THE SYSTEM ANALYSIS. A TOTAL SYSTEM APPROACH IN COURT OPERATIONS DEMANDS THAT TRIAL SCHEDULING BE COORDINATED WITH THE UTILIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF JURORS. THE AUTHOR STATES THAT WITHOUT THE AID OF THE COMPUTER, THE ANALYSIS OF QUALIFICATIONS AND OTHER DISPOSITIONS THAT CONTRIBUTE TO THE YIELD OF PROSPECTIVE JURORS ARE ARDUOUS TASKS TYPICALLY BEYOND THE CAPABILITIES OF COURT PERSONNEL. AT THE SUMMONING STAGE, THE COMPUTER RANDOMLY SELECTS JURORS ON THE BASIS OF NUMERICAL NEED AND GEOGRAPHICAL JURISDICTION. IN ADDITION, PAYROLL, ATTENDANCE, AND OTHER JUROR ACTIVITIES WHICH MUST BE MONITORED THROUGHOUT THEIR SERVICE CAN BE HANDLED BY THE COMPUTER. FURTHER, THE NEUTRALITY OF AUTOMATION ASSURES THAT THE LEGAL DEMAND FOR CROSSSECTIONAL REPRESENTATION IN JURIES IS MET. IT IS NOTED THAT JURY SELECTION STATUTES REQUIRE THAT CERTAIN GOALS BE ACHIEVED IN THE SELECTION PROCESS WITHOUT MAKING THE MEANS FOR ACHIEVING THESE GOALS MANDATORY. ANY METHOD THAT EFFICIENTLY AND EFFECTIVELY ACCOMPLISHES THE OBJECTIVES OF JURY SELECTION IS THEREFORE APPROPRIATE. IN THE ABSENCE OF A DEMONSTRATION OF BIAS OR SOME OTHER FLAW IN THE JURY SELECTION PROCESS, THE AUTHOR BELIEVES THAT THE COMPUTER'S USE SUBSTANTIALLY COMPLIES WITH STATE JURY SELECTION STATUTES REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH USE WAS SPECIFICALLY ANTICIPATED BY THE LEGISLATURE. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Automated jury selection systems; Court management; Laws and Statutes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48158

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.