skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48161 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PROBATION ON TRIAL
Author(s): D M GOTTFREDSON; J O FINCKENAUER; C RAUH
Corporate Author: Rutgers University
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 548
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Rutgers University
Newark, NJ 07102
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 77-NI-99-0001
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: BASED UPON A REVIEW OF SELECTED ADULT PROBATION STUDIES, CLIENTS AND CASELOADS, RECIDIVISM, PREDICTION, AND TREATMENT MODALITIES ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: PART OF A LARGER STUDY OF ADULT PROBATION BEING CONDUCTED BY THE PROGRAM FOR THE STUDY OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY AT OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY, THIS REPORT FOCUSES ON CRITICAL ISSUES IN THE 4 STUDY AREAS DEFINED, BASED ON 104 STUDIES SELECTED FOR ANALYSIS. COMMONLY ENCOUNTERED METHODOLOGICAL DIFFICULTIES OFTEN MILITATING AGAINST GENERALIZATIONS FROM REPORTED STUDY RESULTS ARE DISCUSSED AT THE OUTSET. IN CONSIDERING CLIENTS AND CASELOADS, THE PROFILE OF THE PROBATIONER IS COMPARED WITH THAT OF INMATES, AND THE 'SUCCESSFUL' PROBATIONER IS COMPARED TO THE 'FAILURE'. EVIDENCE ON THE EFFECTS OF REDUCED CASELOAD IS EXAMINED. THE METHODS FOR PREDICTION OF PROBATION OUTCOMES ARE CONSIDERED AND THE EXTENT OF THEIR USE IS APPRAISED. A GENERALLY ACCEPTED DEFINITION OF RECIDIVISM DOES NOT EXIST SO NO STANDARD RATE OF RECIDIVISM CAN BE CITED. A 'RECIDIVISM' MEASURE IS PROPOSED AS PART OF A NEEDED PROBATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. PROMISING RESULTS IN TREATMENT ARE REPORTED. HOWEVER, ISSUES CONSIDERED CRITICAL IN PROBATION MANAGEMENT LACK RESEARCH DATA AND ANALYSIS. A PROBATION MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM IS PROPOSED AS A MEANS OF FILLING THIS RESEARCH VOID. SUCH A PROGRAM WOULD CREATE A SYSTEMATIC BASIS FOR PROVIDING JUDGES, PLANNERS, AND PROBATION MANAGERS WITH INFORMATION NEEDED FOR MORE RATIONAL PROBATION DECISIONS. THE APPENDIX CONTAINS ABSTRACTS ON THE STUDIES THAT RELATE TO EACH OF THE FOUR STUDY TOPICS, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Adults (18+); Alternatives to institutionalization; Caseloads; Management; Ohio; Prediction; Probation; Recidivism; Studies; Treatment
Note: PREPARED FOR THE PROGRAM FOR THE STUDY OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY, OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48161

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.