skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48164 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CLIENTS AND CASELOADS - AN ASSESSMENT OF CRITICAL ISSUES (FROM PROBATION ON TRIAL, 1977, BY DON M GOTTFREDSON ET AL - SEE NCJ-48161)
Author(s): B A FIORE
Corporate Author: Rutgers University
School of Criminal Justice
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 53
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Rutgers University
Newark, NJ 07102
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CASELOAD, MANAGEMENT/CLASSIFICATION, AND PROBATION VERSUS INSTITUTIONALIZATION ISSUES ARE IDENTIFIED FROM RELEVANT STUDIES AND REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE.
Abstract: STUDIES ANALYZING THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PROBATION EFFECTIVENESS AND CASELOAD SIZE ARE REVIEWED TO REVEAL THAT A REDUCTION IN CASELOAD, WITH ALL OTHER FACTORS REMAINING REASONABLY CONSTANT, DOES NOT ASSURE A REDUCTION OF RECIDIVISM. IT IS BELIEVED THAT OTHER MANAGEMENT FACTORS MAY, THEREFORE, BE MORE IMPORTANT THAN CASELOAD SIZE. THE ADEQUACY AND GENERAL NATURE OF PROBATION SUPERVISION AND ITS ADMINISTRATION ARE SUGGESTED AS POTENTIALLY MORE PRODUCTIVE FOCUSES FOR STUDY. THE LACK OF SYSTEMATIC INVESTIGATION OF PROCEDURES MATCHING PROBATION OFFICERS AND OFFENDERS IS NOTED. THE WORKLOAD CONCEPT OF PROBATION SUPERVISION, BASED ON THE VIEW THAT OFFENDERS REQUIRE VARYING DEGREES OF SUPERVISION, IS REVIEWED. UNDER ONE SUCH MODEL CONSIDERED, PROBATIONERS ARE PLACED IN SUPERVISION CATEGORIES ACCORDING TO JUDGMENTS OF THEIR 'RISK' (LIKELIHOOD OF VIOLATION) AND NEED FOR SERVICES. THE INTENT IS TO ALLOCATE WORKLOADS TO OFFICERS BASED ON A PREDETERMINATION OF THE TIME AND RESOURCES NEEDED TO DEAL EFFECTIVELY WITH EACH PROBATIONER. A NUMBER OF STUDIES ANALYZING PROBATION VERSUS INSTITUTIONALIZATION FOUND THAT MANY OFFENDERS SENTENCED TO PRISON COULD PERFORM WELL ON PROBATION. THIS SEEMS TRUE PARTICULARLY FOR FIRST OFFENDERS, ALTHOUGH NOT FOR MULTIPLE FELONY OFFENDERS. THIS RAISES THE POLICY ISSUE OF WHETHER OR NOT TO AIM AT REDUCING PRISON POPULATIONS AND DIVERTING EXPENDITURES TO AN EXPANSION OF WELL-DESIGNED PROBATION PROGRAMS. NOTES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Caseload management; Probation; Probationers; Studies
Note: *This document is currently unavailable from NCJRS.
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48164

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.