skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48208 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM - INNOVATIONS, FAILURES, TRENDS, AND ALTERNATIVES (FROM CRIME AND ITS IMPACT ON THE BLACK COMMUNITY, 1976, BY LAWRENCE E GARY AND LEE P BROWN - SEE NCJ-48198)
Author(s): B D LYLES
Corporate Author: Howard University
Institute for Urban Affairs and Research
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Howard University
Washington, DC 20059
Type: Historical Overview
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A HISTORY OF FEDERAL INVOLVEMENT IN LAW ENFORCEMENT INNOVATIONS, 1965-1975, HALFWAY HOUSES AND COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS, AND RESEARCH PROPOSALS ON WOMEN IN THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM ARE CONSIDERED.
Abstract: FEDERAL LEGISLATION IN THE AREA OF LAW ENFORCEMENT AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION THROUGH VARIOUS AGENCIES, PARTICULARLY LEAA, ARE DISCUSSED FOR THE PERIOD 1965-1975, WITH EMPHASIS ON THE STYLE OF COOPERATION BETWEEN FEDERAL, STATE, AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS. THE HALFWAY HOUSE AND COMMUNITY-BASED CORRECTIONS PROGRAMS ARE DISCUSSED AS ALTERNATIVES TO INSTITUTIONALIZATION. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE DEVELOPMENT AND PROGRAM OF THE HALFWAY HOUSE, AND PUBLIC ATTITUDES TOWARD IT ARE PRESENTED. IT IS BELIEVED THAT COMMUNITY CORRECTIONS IS A VIABLE ALTERNATIVE TO TRADITIONAL INCARCERATION, IN LIGHT OF THE FAILURE OF JAILS AND PRISONS TO REDUCE RECIDIVISM. WHILE SUCCESS PREDICTIONS ARE GUARDED, A REASONABLE HOPE IS INDICATED THAT THE 'HALFWAY CONCEPT' OF COMMUNITY CORRECTION WILL BE HUMANE, REHABILITATIVE, COGNIZANT OF CLIENT RIGHTS, AND APT TO EASE THE EX-OFFENDERS' REENTRY INTO THE COMMUNITY. A DESCRIPTION OF A HALFWAY HOUSE PROGRAM FOR A VARIED GROUP OF WOMEN IS INCLUDED. THE PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED BY THE STAFF AND RESIDENTS ARE NOTED, AND IT IS REPORTED THAT A COMBINATION OF WEEKLY RAP SESSIONS, DAILY INDIVIDUAL AND GROUP DISCUSSIONS, BIWEEKLY PROGRESS EVALUATIONS AND RATINGS IMPROVED THE CLIENTS' CHANCES FOR SUCCESS. REASONS FOR THE CLOSING OF THIS PARTICULAR HALFWAY HOUSE ARE LISTED. BECAUSE GENERAL LITERATURE ON CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE USUALLY CONTAINS LITTLE ABOUT FEMALE OFFENDERS, PROBLEM AREAS FOR RESEARCH ARE DELINEATED. THESE RESEARCH SUGGESTIONS WERE DERIVED FROM LITERATURE AND EXPERIENCE WITH HALFWAY HOUSES FOR WOMEN. EXTENSIVE FOOTNOTES AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Community-based corrections (adult); Female offenders; Halfway houses; Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA); Research
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48208

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.