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NCJ Number: 48256 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: ENVIRONMENTAL DESIGN AND THE PREVENTION OF BEHAVIORAL DISORDERS AND CRIMINALITY (FROM CRIME PREVENTION STRATEGIES OF THE 70'S, 1974 - SEE NCJ-48253)
Author(s): C R JEFFERY
Corporate Author: Ohio State University
Program for the Study of Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Ohio State University
Columbus, OH 43212
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: ASPECTS OF A PREVENTIVE, AS OPPOSED TO A PUNITIVE/REHABILITATIVE, EMPHASIS IN CRIMINOLOGY ARE OUTLINED, AND ELEMENTS OF A MAN-ENVIRONMENT APPROACH TO UNDERSTANDING HUMAN BEHAVIOR ARE CONSIDERED.
Abstract: THE OLD CRIMINOLOGICAL MODEL DEALS WITH CRIME AFTER IT HAS OCCURRED, EMPHASIZES TREATMENT OF THE INDIVIDUAL CRIMINAL, AND EMPLOYS INDIRECT CONTROLS OVER CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. A REVISED MODEL (THE MAN-ENVIRONMENT APPROACH) EMPHASIZES PREVENTION, FOCUSES ON THE ENVIRONMENT RATHER THAN THE INDIVIDUAL OFFENDER, AND USES DIRECT CONTROLS OVER BEHAVIOR (E.G., DESIGNING AN AUTOMOBILE THAT CANNOT BE OPERATED BY A DRUNK DRIVER, AS OPPOSED TO JAILING DRUNK DRIVERS AND TEACHING PEOPLE ABOUT THE DANGERS OF DRIVING WHILE INTOXICATED). SUCH AN APPROACH REQUIRES AN UNDERSTANDING OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, WHICH IN TURN REQUIRES AN UNDERSTANDING OF THE INTERACTION OF THE ORGANISM AND THE ENVIRONMENT. THE INTERACTIONS OF BIOLOGY, PSYCHOLOGY, AND SOCIOLOGY MUST BE EXPLORED. IN THIS LIGHT, AN OVERVIEW IS PRESENTED OF THE STATE OF KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE BRAIN AND BEHAVIOR, BEHAVIORAL GENETICS, OPERANT PSYCHOLOGY AND LEARNING THEORY, HUMAN ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY, THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND BEHAVIORAL PATHOLOGIES, THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT AND CRIME, AND PSYCHOBIOLOGY AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR. QUESTIONS REGARDING CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR YET TO BE ADDRESSED BY RESEARCHERS ARE IDENTIFIED. A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK ENCOMPASSING THEORIES OF BEHAVIOR IN GENERAL, CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, AND CRIME IS OFFERED. A LIST OF REFERENCES IS INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Behavior; Biological influences; Crime causes theory; Crime prevention measures; Criminology; Environmental design; Environmental influences; Environmental quality; Theory
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48256

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