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NCJ Number: 48272 Find in a Library
Title: SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE - A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS BY RACE AND OCCUPATIONAL LEVELS
Journal: JOURNAL OF CRIMINAL LAW, CRIMINOLOGY AND POLICE SCIENCE  Volume:59  Issue:2  Dated:(1968)  Pages:191-200
Author(s): M LALLI; S H TURNER
Corporate Author: Northwestern University
School of Law
Managing Editor
United States of America

Williams and Wilkins Co
United States of America
Date Published: 1968
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: Northwestern University
Chicago, IL 60611
Williams and Wilkins Co
Baltimore, MD 21202
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO EXAMINE THE ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN RACE AND OCCUPATIONAL LEVEL AND SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE RATES, 1950 STATISTICAL DATA ON 9, 709 SUICIDES AND 5,183 HOMICIDES FOR WHITE AND NONWHITE MALES 20 TO 64 YARS OLD WERE ASSESSED.
Abstract: FOR WHITE MALES, SUICIDE AND HOMICIDE RATES ARE HIGHEST AMONG UNSKILLED WORKERS; AND BOTH HOMICIDE AND SUICIDE TEND TO DECREASE AS OCCUPATIONAL LEVEL RISES, ALTHOUGH DIFFERENCES IN SUICIDE RATES ARE SMALL AMONG ALL OCCUPATIONAL LEVELS OTHER THAN UNSKILLED WORKERS. IN CONTRAST, BLACK SUICIDE RATES ARE LOW, ABOUT HALF THE COMPARATIVE WHITE RATES, AND VARY LITTLE AMONG OCCUPATIONAL LEVELS. HOWEVER, BLACK HOMICIDE RATES ARE GENERALLY HIGH AT ALL OCCUPATIONAL LEVELS BUT TEND TO DECREASE WITH INCREASING OCCUPATIONAL LEVEL. AS IS THE CASE WITH WHITE MALES, HOMICIDE RATES ARE HIGHEST FOR UNSKILLED BLACK WORKERS. A VARIETY OF ANOMIE, SOCIOECONOMIC, SOCIOCULTURAL, PERSONALITY, AND FAMILIAL/ENVIRONMENTAL THEORIES OF HOMICIDE, SUICIDE, AND THEIR RELATIONSHIPS ARE EXAMINED, BUT NONE SATISFACTORILY, EXPLAINS THE EMPIRICAL DATA. HOWEVER, FROM THESE, A NUMBER OF GENERALIZATIONS FOR FUTURE RESEARCH CAN BE MADE WHICH WOULD ADEQUATELY REFLECT EMPIRICAL RESULTS. FIRST, IN A SOCIAL SYSTEM MADE UP OF AN OPEN SOCIETY WHICH HAS A CLOSED SOCIETY WITHIN IT, THE OPEN SOCIETY WILL TEND TO DIRECT VIOLENCE INWARDLY WHILE THE CLOSED SOCIETY WILL DIRECT VIOLENCE EXTERNALLY THIS IMPLIES THAT FOR WHITES, SUICIDE RATES WILL BE HIGHER THAN HOMICIDE RATES, AND; FOR BLACKS, HOMICIDE RATES WILL BE HIGHER THAN SUICIDE RATES. SECOND, THE RATE OF THE TYPICAL FORM OF VIOLENCE IN THE CLOSED GROUP WILL BE HIGHER THAN THE RATE OF THE TYPICAL FORM OF VIOLENCE IN THE CLOSED GROUP WILL BE HIGHER THAN THE RATE OF THE TYPICAL FORM OF VIOLENCE FOR THE OPEN GROUP, AND THE RATE OF THE ATYPICAL FORM OF VIOLENCE IN THE CLOSED GROUP WILL BE HIGHER THAN THE RATE OF ATYPICAL VIOLENCE IN THE OPEN GROUP. THUS, THE RATE OF NONWHITE HOMICIDE WILL BE HIGHER THAN THE RATE OF WHITE SUICIDE, AND THE NONWHITE SUICIDE RATE WILL BE HIGHER THAN THE WHITE HOMICIDE RATE, FINALLY, THE RATES OF VIOLENCE, BOTH INTERNALLY AND EXTERNALLY DIRECTED, WILL INCREASE AS CLASS (OCCUPATIONAL LEVEL) DECREASES. (JAP)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Behavioral science research; Black/African Americans; Caucasian/White Americans; Homicide; Homicide causes; Social organization; Socioculture; Suicide; Suicide causes; Violence; Violent crimes
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48272

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