skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48383 Find in a Library
Title: ACCIDENTAL SELF-POISONING IN DRUG-DEPENDENT INDIVIDUALS (FROM PROBLEMS OF DRUG ABUSE IN BRITAIN, 1978, BY D J WEST - SEE NCJ-48378)
Author(s): A H GHODSE; N S B RAWSON
Corporate Author: University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: University of Cambridge
Cambridge, CB3 9DT, England
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: CASES OF SELF-POISONING WITH DRUGS DESCRIBED AS ACCIDENTAL OVERDOSE ARE EXAMINED, AND THEIR CHARACTERISTICS ARE COMPARED WITH THOSE OF PATIENTS WHOSE OVERDOSES ARE DESCRIBED AS DELIBERATE.
Abstract: A 1-MONTH SURVEY WAS CONDUCTED IN 62 CASUALTY DEPARTMENTS IN GREATER LONDON IN THE SUMMER OF 1975. A QUESTIONNAIRE WAS ADMINISTERED BY THE CASUALTY OFFICERS TO ALL PATIENTS WHO CAME TO THEM DURING THE MONTH OF SURVEY WITH AN OVERDOSE OR OTHER DRUG-RELATED PROBLEMS. THE QUESTIONNAIRE RECORDED, AMONG OTHER THINGS, THE AGE AND SEX OF THE PATIENTS, THE DRUG OR DRUGS OF ABUSE AND SELF-POISONING, AND THE UNDERLYING REASON FOR A DRUG OVERDOSE. 'REASON' WAS CLASSIFIED EITHER AS A 'SUICIDAL ATTEMPT OR GESTURE' OR AS AN OVERDOSE IN THE COURSE OF ADDICTIVE DRUG TAKING'. THERE WAS A THIRD CATEGORY CLASSIFYING THE REASON FOR THE OVERDOSE AS 'UNKNOWN,' THE CASUALTY OFFICERS WERE ALSO ASKED TO ASSESS THE DEPENDENCE STATUS OF THE PATIENTS FROM DEFINED CRITERIA. THIS REPORT IS CONCERNED WITH THOSE PATIENTS OVER THE AGE OF 15 YEARS WHOSE DRUG OVERDOSE WAS CONSIDERED 'ACCIDENTAL.' THERE WERE 141 INCIDENTS OF 'ACCIDENTAL' SELF-POISONING, WITH 41 PERCENT INVOLVING MORE THAN ONE DRUG. SIXTY PERCENT OF THE INCIDENTS OCURRED WITH THOSE AGED BETWEEN 15 AND 30 YEARS. IT IS INDICATED THAT IN SOME CASES THE OVERDOSE OCCURRED UNINTENTIONALLY WHILE THE PATIENT WAS EXPERIMENTING WITH DRUGS. OVER THE AGE OF 40 YEARS, EXCEPT FOR A SLIGHT DIFFERENCE IN THE DRUGS OF OVERDOSE, THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES BETWEEN PATIENTS WHO TOOK AN OVERDOSE ACCIDENTALLY AND THOSE WHO DID SO DELIBERATELY, AND THERE WERE REASONS FOR BELIEVING THAT SOME PATIENTS REPORTING AN 'ACCIDENTAL' OVERDOSE WERE DENYING THEIR SUICIDAL INTENT. FROM THESE FINDINGS IT IS RECOMMENDED THAT THERE BE AVAILABLE IN CASUALTY DEPARTMENTS ACCESS TO A SKILLED PERSON OR TEAM TO WHOM ALL PATIENTS WHO HAVE TAKEN A DRUG OVERDOSE BE REFERRED FOR PSYCHIATRIC ASSESSMENT. REFERENCES AND TABLES OF DATA FROM FINDINGS ARE INCLUDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Great Britain/United Kingdom; Motivation; Research; Surveys
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48383

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.