skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 48583 Find in a Library
Title: EPIDEMIOLOGY ABUSE - EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL MODELS OF DRUG ABUSE (FROM DRUG ABUSE - MODERN TRENDS, ISSUES, AND PERSPECTIVES, 1978, BY ARNOLD SCHECTER ET AL - SEE NCJ-48582)
Author(s): P E JACOBS
Corporate Author: Marcel Dekker, Inc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: Marcel Dekker, Inc
New York, NY 10016
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE MEDICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL MODELS OF HEROIN ADDICTION ARE EXPLAINED, AND WAYS IN WHICH THE TWO MODELS COMPLEMENT RATHER THAN CONTRADICT EACH OTHER ARE POINTED OUT.
Abstract: THE NARROW EPIDEMIOLOGICAL MEDICAL APPROACH IS BASED ON AN ANALOGY BETWEEN HEROIN USE AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE. PROPONENTS OF THIS APPROACH HAVE DEVELOPED A THEORY OF HEROIN ADDICTION BASED ON THE CONTACT BETWEEN SUSCEPTIBLE GROUPS WITH INITIATORS. THE TRIPARTITE BASIS OF DISEASE TRANSMISSION -- HOST, AGENT, ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS -- IS APPLIED TO THE DIFFUSION OF HEROIN USE. THE PSYCHOSOCIAL MODEL DEFINES HEROIN ADDICTION AS A SPECIAL PROBLEM WITH SOCIETAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND GROUP DETERMINANTS. DRUG ABUSE IS SEEN AS A SYMPTOM OF UNHAPPINESS AND /OR ALIENATION, UNUSUALLY ACCOMPANIED BY PSYCHOPATHOLOGY AND/OR SOCIETAL INADEQUACIES. KEY CONCEPTS OF THE PSYCHOSOCIAL APPROACH ARE STRUCTURALFUNCTIONALISM AND ANXIETY. EPIDEMILOGICAL PERSPECTIVES ON DRUG ABUSE NEED TO BE DEVELOPED WITH GREATER SENSITIVITY TO THE LARGER SOCIAL, PSYCHOLOGICAL, AND POLITICAL ISSUES INVOLVED. A MOVE TO ELIMINATE HEROIN ADDICTION BASED ON THE NARROW EPIDEMIOLOGICAL MODEL WOULD NOT WORK. THE EPIDEMIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE IS OF PRIMARY VALUE IN TARGETING SERVICES FOR SPECIFIC GROUPS, NOT IN FORMULATING BROAD PUBLIC POLICY. AS MORE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE DIFFUSION OF HEROIN AMONG DIFFERENT POPULATIONS IS GAINED FROM EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDIES, A MORE SYSTEMATIZED RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE MEDICAL AND PSYCHOSOCIAL MODELS SHOULD DEVELOP. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Drug abuse; Drug abuse causes; Drug dependence; Heroin; Models
Note: PRSENTED AT THE 2ND NATIONAL DRUG ABUSE CONFERENCE, NEW ORLEANS (LA), 1975
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48583

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.