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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 48764 Find in a Library
Title: CHILDHOOD EXPERIENCES AS CAUSES OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR ISSUE NO 1 - FIRST PROCEEDING - CANADA
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: Printing and Publishing Supply and Services Canada
Canada
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 157
Sponsoring Agency: Printing and Publishing Supply and Services Canada
Ottawa, K1A 0S9, Canada
Sale Source: Printing and Publishing Supply and Services Canada
Ottawa, K1A 0S9,
Canada
Type: Conference Material
Language: English; French
Country: Canada
Annotation: BRAIN DYSFUNCTION AS A CAUSAL FACTOR IN PERSISTENT CRIMINAL DEVIANCY IS DISCUSSED IN TESTIMONY PRESENTED BEFORE A COMMITTEE OF THE SENATE OF CANADA.
Abstract: EMPIRICAL STUDIES ARE CITED IN WHICH OVER 90 PERCENT OF THE HABITUAL CRIMINALS STUDIED WERE FOUND TO HAVE BRAIN DYSFUNCTION. THIS FINDING, BASED ON NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS. FOR EXAMPLE, DEFINITE NEUROLOGICAL ABNORMALITIES WERE FOUND IN 72 PERCENT OF THE SUBJECTS IN A POPULATION OF VIOLENT-AGGRESSIVE PERSONS. ON THE BASIS OF SUCH FINDINGS, A NEUROSOCIOLOGICAL APPROACH TO EXPLAINING THE NATURE AND CONSEQUENCES OF THE INTERACTION BETWEEN THE BIOLOGICAL INTEGRITY OF THE INDIVIDUAL'S CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM AND THE INDIVIDUAL'S SOCIOECONOMIC MILIEU IS PROPOSED. GENETIC, BIRTH-RELATED, AND OTHER FACTORS (E.G., MALNUTRITION BEFORE AND AFTER BIRTH) IN BRAIN DAMAGE ARE DISCUSSED, WITH A VIEW TOWARD THEIR SIGNIFICANCE IN THE GENESIS OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, PARTICULARLY AMONG MALES. CASE STUDIES ILLUSTRATING THE CONSEQUENCES OF BRAIN DAMAGE ARE CITED. IMPLICATIONS ARE DISCUSSED RELATIVE TO PREDICTION OF RECIDIVISM, PREVENTION AND TREATMENT FOR INDIVIDUAL OFFENDERS (AS OPPOSED TO POPULATION AT LARGE), AND DISCRIMINATION BETWEEN LOW-RISK AND HIGH-RISK OFFENDERS. APPENDED MATERIALS INCLUDE TESTIMONY BY TWO WITNESSES ON LEARNING DISABILITIES AND THEIR ASSOCIATION WITH JUVENILE DELINQUENCY. --IN ENGLISH AND FRENCH (LKM)
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Canada; Criminology; Genetic influences on behavior; Juvenile delinquency factors; Learning disabilities; Mental disorders; Neurological disorders; Recidivism causes; Testimony
Note: FIRST PROCEEDING ON THE INQUIRY INTO SUCH EXPERIENCES IN PRENATAL LIFE AND EARLY CHILDHOOD AS MAY CAUSE PERSONALITY DISORDERS OR CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR IN LATER LIFE, SENATE OF CANADA, JUNE 30, 1977
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48764

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