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NCJ Number: 48874 Find in a Library
Title: PERCEIVED INTERVIEWER TRUSTWORTHINESS AMONG BLACK AND WHITE CONVICTS
Journal: JOURNAL OF COUNSELING PSYCHOLOGY  Volume:9  Issue:6  Dated:(NOVEMBER 1972)  Pages:537-541
Author(s): W V ROLL; L D SCHMIDT; T J KAUL
Corporate Author: Texas Tech University
University Counseling Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 5
Sponsoring Agency: Ohio State University
Columbus, OH 43210
Texas Tech University
Sale Source: Ohio State University
Dept of Psychology
1945 N High Street
Columbus, OH 43210
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TO ELUCIDATE SOME DIMENSIONS OF PERCEIVED TRUSTWORTHINESS AMONG BLACK AND WHITE INMATES, 18 BLACK AND 18 WHITE INMATES WERE ASKED TO RATE INTERVIEWER TRUSTWORTHINESS FOR 12 VIDEOTAPED PORTRAYALS OF INTERVIEW SITUATIONS.
Abstract: INMATE GROUPS WERE MALE AND MATCHED FOR AGE AND IQ (INTELLIGENCE QUOTIENT). HALF OF THE SUBJECTS WERE PRESENTED WITH WRITTEN DEFINITIONS OF TRUSTWORTHINESS AND UNTRUSTWORTHINESS, WHILE HALF WERE NOT. VIDEOTAPES CONSISTED OF THREE SCENES. FOR EACH, VERBAL CONTENT (C) AND/OR NONVERBAL CONTENT -- MANNERISMS -- (M) WERE EITHER TRUSTWORTHY (T) OR UNTRUSTWORTHY (U), SUCH THAT FOUR COMBINATIONS WERE POSSIBLE: TCTM, TCUM, UCTM, UCUM. INMATES WERE ASKED TO RATE EACH PORTRAYAL ON A SCALE OF 1 TO 8 IN WHICH 1 WAS EXTREME UNTRUSTWORTHINESS. NEITHER RACE NOR THE PRESENCE/ABSENCE OF DEFINITIONS, ALONE OR IN COMBINATION, WERE SIGNIFICANTLY RELATED TO PERCEIVED TRUSTWORTHINESS. TCTM SCENES RECEIVED SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER RATINGS THAN ANY OTHER COMBINATION. NEXT HIGHEST RATINGS WERE GIVEN TO UCTM SCENES, AND THESE RATINGS WERE SIGNIFICANTLY HIGHER THAN THOSE FOR THE TCUM AND UCUM SCENES RESPECTIVELY. ALTHOUGH DEFINITION FAILED TO AFFECT RATINGS AS REPORTED IN A PREVIOUS STUDY, OTHER FINDINGS REPLICATE THOSE PREVIOUSLY REPORTED. THE HIGHER RATINGS GIVEN THE UCTM AS COMPARED TO THE TCUM COMBINATION SUGGEST THAT WHEN VERBAL CONTENT AND MANNERISM PROJECT DISCREPANT MESSAGES, MANNERISM IS A MORE IMPORTANT DETERMINANT OF PERCEIVED TRUSTWORTHINESS. THE NONSIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN TCUM AND UCUM RATINGS AGAIN INDICATE THAT TRUSTWORTHY CONTENT ALONE IS NOT ENOUGH TO RAISE PERCEIVED TRUSTWORTHINESS WHEN VERBAL BEHAVIOR IS DISCREPANT. IMPLICATIONS FOR COUNSELORS AND INTERVIEWERS ARE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (JAP)
Index Term(s): Attitudes; Behavioral science research; Communications; Inmates; Role perception
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48874

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