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NCJ Number: 48908 Find in a Library
Title: ALCOHOL ABUSE - A CRUCIAL FACTOR IN THE SOCIAL PROBLEMS OF NEGRO MEN
Journal: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY  Volume:125  Issue:12  Dated:(JUNE 1969)  Pages:96-104
Author(s): L J KING; G E MURPHY; L N ROBINS; H DARVISH
Corporate Author: American Psychiatric Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1969
Page Count: 9
Sponsoring Agency: American Psychiatric Assoc
Arlington, VA 22209
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE NATURE AND CONSEQUENCES OF DRINKING PROBLEMS AMONG URBAN BLACKS ARE EXPLORED IN AN INTERVIEW STUDY OF 223 MALES BORN IN ST. LOUIS, MO., BETWEEN 1930 AND 1934.
Abstract: ALL OF THE SUBJECTS HAD ATTENDED SEGREGATED ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS IN ST. LOUIS GHETTOS AND WERE IN THEIR EARLY 30'S AT THE TIME OF THE INTERVIEWS. THE SUBJECTS WERE ASKED QUESTIONS REGARDING THEIR SOCIAL FUNCTIONING, ALCOHOL USE, AND EVIDENCE OF SERIOUS ALCOHOL ABUSE (DELIRIUM TREMENS, LIVER DISEASE CONVULSIONS, BENDERS, SHAKES). THE SURVEY FOUND A HISTORY OF HEAVY DRINKING IN 62 PERCENT OF THE SUBJECTS AND EVIDENCE OF RECENT SERIOUS PROBLEMS SECONDARY TO TO ALCOHOL USE IN 17 PERCENT. ALCOHOL USE WAS POSITIVELY ASSOCIATED WITH VARIOUS MEASURES OF SOCIAL DEVIANCE. SUBJECTS WITH SERIOUS ALCOHOL PROBLEMS, SUBJECTS WHO DRANK HEAVILY BUT WHO HAD NO ALCOHOL PROBLEMS, AND SUBJECTS WHO NEVER DRANK HEAVILY COMPRISED THREE GROUPS THAT DIFFERED SIGNIFICANTLY IN TERMS OF MARITAL AND FAMILY DIFFICULTIES, EMPLOYMENT AND INCOME PROBLEMS, AND ARRESTS. ABSENCE OF A FATHER IN THE CHILDHOOD HOME AND FAILURE TO GRADUATE FROM HIGH SCHOOL WERE PREDICTIVE OF HEAVY DRINKING AND ALCOHOL PROBLEMS. HOWEVER, THESE FACTORS WERE NOT ALWAYS PRESENT IN THE HISTORIES OF PERSONS EXPERIENCING SERIOUS PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH HEAVY DRINKING. THERE WERE SIGNIFICANTLY FEWER FAMILY AND EMPLOYMENT PROBLEMS AND ARREST AMONG SUBJECTS WHOSE FATHERS HAD BEEN ABSENT AND WHO HAD NOT COMPLETED HIGH SCHOOL, BUT WHO HAD NEVER DRUNK HEAVILY. THE FINDINGS ARE SAID TO DEMONSTRATE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF ALCOHOL ABUSE AS AN INTERVENING VARIABLE IN THE LIVES OF BLACK MALES BORN AND RAISED IN URBAN GHETTOS. TABULAR DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--LKM)
Index Term(s): Alcoholism; Alcoholism causes; Black/African Americans; Missouri; Surveys; Urban area studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=48908

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