skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 49078 Find in a Library
Title: ABSENT WITHOUT LEAVE - A STUDY OF THE MILITARY OFFENDER
Journal: JOURNAL OF POLITICAL AND MILITARY SOCIOLOGY  Volume:2  Issue:2  Dated:(FALL 1974)  Pages:205-220
Author(s): T F HARTNAGEL
Corporate Author: Transaction Periodical Consortium
United States of America
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: Transaction Periodical Consortium
Piscataway, NJ 08854
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: POSSIBLE EXPLANATIONS OF ABSENT WITHOUT LEAVE (AWOL) BEHAVIOR IN THE MILITARY ARE TESTED IN A STUDY OF 244 PRISONERS CONFINED IN AN ARMY STOCKADE FOLLOWING PROLONGED ABSENCE WITHOUT LEAVE.
Abstract: THE MILITARY RECORDS OF 244 PRISONERS RETURNED TO MILITARY CONTROL AND AWAITING TRIAL AND REASSIGNMENT AFTER PROLONGED ABSENCE WITHOUT LEAVE WERE REVIEWED. INTERVIEWS WERE CONDUCTED WITH 103 OF THE SUBJECTS, WHO WERE ASKED ABOUT THEIR BACKGROUNDS AND ABOUT THE CIRCUMSTANCES SURROUNDING THEIR AWOL BEHAVIOR. ONE-YEAR FOLLOWUP DATA WERE OBTAINED FOR 237 OF THE SUBJECTS AFTER THEY RECEIVED NEW DUTY ASSIGNMENTS. THE DATA SUGGEST THAT THE PROTEST AGAINST THE WAR IN VIET NAM (THE STUDY WAS CONDUCTED IN 1969) WAS NOT A DIRECT FACTOR IN THE AWOL CASES, INDICATING THAT THE AWOL'S DO NOT REPRESENT THE TYPE OF DEVIANCE TERMED REBELLION OR NONCONFORMITY. ONE TYPE OF AWOL OFFENDER ABSENTS HIMSELF TO DEAL WITH FAMILY PROBLEMS OR FINANCES. ANOTHER TYPE -- CLASSIFIED AS MALADAPTIVE -GOES AWOL BECAUSE HE CANNOT OR DOES NOT WANT TO ADOPT TO THE ARMY. THUS, MANY AWOL SUBJECTS APPARENTLY ENGAGE IN A FORM OF INNOVATIVE DEVIANCE -SUBSTITUTING ILLEGITIMATE MEANS FOR LEGITIMATE MEANS TO REACH A GOAL (DISCHARGE, IN THE CASE OF THE SOLDIERS) WHEN LEGITIMATE MEANS ARE NOT AVAILABLE. CHANGES OVER TIME IN AWOL BEHAVIOR AND EVIDENCE OF SECONDARY DEVIATION (REPETITION OF AWOL BEHAVIOR AS A REACTION TO THE CONSEQUENCES OF AN INITIAL AWOL ACTION). SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Deviance; Military justice; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49078

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.