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NCJ Number: 49180 Find in a Library
Title: PRIMARY VERSUS SECONDARY PSYCHOPATHY
Journal: QUARTERLY JOURNAL OF CORRECTIONS  Volume:2  Issue:1  Dated:(WINTER 1978)  Pages:16-25
Author(s): D L CRANE
Corporate Author: State Technical Institute of Memphis
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: State Technical Institute of Memphis
Memphis, TN 38134
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE ANXIETY (DRIVE) LEVELS OF TWO SUBGROUPS OF PSYCHOPATHIC PERSONALITIES WITHIN A PRISON POPULATION ARE ANALYZED, TOGETHER WITH THE EFFECTS OF PUNISHMENT ON THE LEARNING PERFORMANCE OF THE TWO SUBGROUPS.
Abstract: THIRTY-TWO PSYCHOPATHS AND 16 NORMAL SUBJECTS WERE SELECTED FROM AN INMATE POPULATION OF 377 ON THE BASIS OF MINNESOTA MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY INVENTORY PROFILES. THE PSYCHOPATHS WERE BROKEN DOWN INTO TWO SUBGROUPS -PRIMARY AND SECONDARY -- ON THE BASIS OF THEIR SCORES ON THE TAYLOR MANIFEST ANXIETY SCALE. HALF OF THE PRIMARY PSYCHOPATH, SECONDARY PSYCHOPATH, AND NORMAL SUBJECTS COMPLETED A COMPETING RESPONSE, PAIRED ASSOCIATES LEARNING TASK (A TEST IN WHICH THE SUBJECT IS REQUIRED TO MATCH A STIMULUS WORD WITH THE APPROPRIATE RESPONSE WORD) UNDER NORMAL CONDITIONS. THE OTHER HALF PERFORMED THE SAME TASK UNDER A CONDITION OF NEGATIVE EVALUATION; I.E., THEY WERE TOLD THAT THEY WERE NOT DOING AS WELL AS THE OTHER PEOPLE TESTED. UNDER THE NORMAL TESTING CONDITION, THE PRIMARY PSYCHOPATHS LEARNED SIGNIFICANTLY FASTER THAN DID THE OTHER TWO GROUPS. THERE WERE NO SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES IN LEARNING PERFORMANCE AMONG THE THREE GROUPS UNDER THE NEGATIVE EVALUATION CONDITION. THE SECONDARY PSYCHOPATHS LEARNED SIGNIFICANTLY BETTER UNDER THE NEGATIVE EVALUATION CONDITION THAN UNDER THE NORMAL TESTING CONDITION. THE FINDINGS SUPPORT A DISTINCTION BETWEEN PRIMARY AND SECONDARY PSYCHOPATHS IN TERMS OF ANXIETY OR EMOTIONAL RESPONSIVENESS. THE LEARNING PERFORMANCE FINDINGS ARE DISCUSSED IN TERMS OF THEIR IMPLICATIONS FOR RESEARCH IN BEHAVIOR PATHOLOGY AND FOR PREVENTION AND TREATMENT. SUPPORTING DATA AND A LIST OF REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Behavior typologies; Behavioral science research; Inmates; Mentally ill offenders; Psychopaths; Studies
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49180

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