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NCJ Number: 49213 Find in a Library
Title: PRESENTENCE INVESTIGATION REPORT IN THE COURT, A CORRELATION BETWEEN THE PROBATION OFFICER'S REPORTING AND THE COURT'S DISPOSITION
Author(s): Y COHN
Date Published: 1971
Page Count: 219
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE PRESENTENCE INVESTIGATION REPORT AS A CONNECTING LINK BETWEEN THE PROBATION AND JUDICIAL SYSTEMS IS EXPLORED IN AN ANALYSIS OF 300 REPORTS PREPARED BY THE NEW YORK CITY PROBATION OFFICE FOR YOUTHFUL OFFENDERS (AGES 16-19).
Abstract: IT WAS HYPOTHESIZED THAT, IN THEIR REPORTS, PROBATION OFFICERS WOULD REFLECT A DIAGNOSTIC CASEWORK ORIENTATION, WHEREAS JUDGES WOULD VIEW CASES PRIMARILY FROM A LEGAL, CRIMINOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE. FIFTY-SIX PRESENTENCE REPORT ITEMS (ROLE OF THE YOUTH IN THE OFFENSE, FAMILY SETTING, FUNCTIONING IN SOCIAL SETTINGS, PERSONAL CHARACTERISTICS, CONTACTS WITH SOCIAL AGENCIES) WERE RATED FOR THE REPORTS OF THREE DISPOSITION GROUPS: SUSPENDED SENTENCE, PROBATION, AND REFORMATORY. THE HYPOTHESES COULD NOT BE PROVED. COURT AND PROBATION OFFICERS ALIKE EMPHASIZED THE LEGAL ASPECT OF THE OFFENSE AND THE CRIMINAL HISTORY OF THE OFFENDER RATHER THAN THE SOCIAL ASPECTS OF THE OFFENSE. BOTH JUDGES AND PROBATION OFFICIALS STRESSED THE PRESENCE OR ABSENCE OF A CRIMINAL CAREER, WHETHER THE YOUTH WAS 'TROUBLE-ORIENTED,' WHETHER THE YOUTH CAME FROM A BROKEN HOME, AND WHETHER THE YOUTH WAS ABLE TO CONTROL IMPULSES AND ADJUST TO AUTHORITY. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT PRESENTENCE REPORTS SHOULD FOCUS ON THE ANTICIPATED EFFECT OF VARIOUS DISPOSITION ALTERNATIVES. STUDY INSTRUMENTS, SUPPORTING DATA, AND A BIBLIOGRAPHY ARE INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED)
Index Term(s): Dispositions; New York; Presentence investigations; Studies; Youthful offenders
Note: COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49213

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