skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 49244 Find in a Library
Title: INVESTIGATION OF POTENTIAL ATTITUDINAL AND MOTIVATIONAL CHANGES OCCURRING IN CRIMINAL OFFENDERS
Author(s): M L JOHNSON
Date Published: 1974
Page Count: 95
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: TWO GROUPS OF PROBATIONERS PARTICIPATING IN DIFFERENT EXPERIMENTAL PROGRAMS ARE COMPARED TO ONE ANOTHER AND TO A CONTROL GROUP TO DETERMINE IF THE SUBJECTS HAVE UNDERGONE ANY ATTITUDINAL AND MOTIVATIONAL CHANGES.
Abstract: THE STUDY WAS CONDUCTED IN COOPERATION WITH THE HUNT COUNTY, TEXAS PROBATION DEPARTMENT AND PSYCHOLOGISTS WHO WERE CONSULTANTS TO THE PROJECT. DIFFERING PATTERNS OF GROUP THERAPY WERE USED IN TWO EXPERIMENTAL GROUPS -ONE GROUP PROGRAM CONSISTED OF AN OPEN ENDED DISCUSSION AMONG MEMBERS CONCERNING PERSONAL FEELINGS AND A SECOND GROUP UTILIZED LECTURES AND OTHER FORMS OF TRADITIONAL EDUCATION METHODS. BOTH GROUPS AIMED AT CHANGING ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATIONS OF PARTICIPANTS. EACH GROUP CONSISTED OF 16 MEMBERS, TREATED FOR 12 WEEKS, WITH 2 HOUR SESSIONS HELD EACH WEEK. A THIRD GROUP RECEIVED NO TREATMENT CONCURRENTLY WITH THE OTHER GROUPS AND WAS USED AS A CONTROL GROUP. THE INSTRUMENTS USED TO ASSESS CHANGES IN ATTITUDES AND MOTIVATION WERE THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL ATTITUDINAL SCALE AND THE MOTIVATION ANALYSIS TEST. ALL SUBJECTS WERE PRETESTED AND POSTTESTED TO DETERMINE IF ATTITUDINAL AND MOTIVATIONAL CHANGES OCCURRED DURING THE TREATMENT PERIOD. THE VARIABLES CONSIDERED CONSISTED OF: GROUP PLACEMENT; EDUCATIONAL LEVEL; TYPE OF SUPERVISION; AND ADJUDICATION OFFENSE. BASED ON THE RESULTS OF THE DATA ANALYZED, IT WAS FOUND THAT THERE WERE SIGNIFICANT CHANGES IN ATTITUDES BETWEEN PERSONS IN DIFFERENTLY STRUCTURED GROUPS. THOSE PROBATIONERS EXPOSED TO THE OPEN ENDED DISCUSSION GROUP HAD A SIGNIFICANTLY MORE POSITIVE VIEW OF THEMSELVES THAN DID SUBJECTS IN THE DIDACTIC AND CONTROL GROUPS. SIGNIFICANT DIFFERENCES WERE ALSO FOUND IN ATTITUDINAL CHANGES OF PERSONS OF DIFFERENT EDUCATIONAL LEVELS. PROBATIONERS WHO HAD COMPLETED 12 OR MORE YEARS OF FORMAL EDUCATION HAD A SIGNIFICANTLY MORE POSITIVE VIEW OF THEMSELVES, OTHER PEOPLE, AND AUTHORITY THAN DID THOSE OF LESSER EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT. MEMBERS OF THE DIDACTIC GROUP SHOWED THE GREATEST CHANGE IN CAREER MOTIVATION AND DRIVE FOR ADDITIONAL EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT. RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER STUDY ARE SUGGESTED. A SAMPLE OF THE SEMANTIC OF DIFFERENTIAL ATTITUDINAL SCALE IS PROVIDED IN THE APPENDIX, AND REFERENCES ARE ALSO INCLUDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Attitudes; Comparative analysis; Group behavior; Motivation; Probation or parole services; Probationers; Studies; Texas
Note: EAST TEXAS STATE UNIVERSITY - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49244

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.