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NCJ Number: 49257 Find in a Library
Title: ENGLISH PRISON REFORM 1773-1835 - A STUDY IN ADMINISTRATIVE CHANGE
Author(s): R A COOPER
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 351
Sponsoring Agency: UMI Dissertation Services
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
Sale Source: UMI Dissertation Services
300 North Zeeb Road
P.O. Box 1346
Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1346
United States of America
Type: Thesis/Dissertation
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE MOVEMENT FOR ENGLISH PRISON REFORM IS TRACED FROM JOHN HOWARD'S INITIAL INVESTIGATIONS IN 1773 TO THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE PRINCIPLE OF UNIFORMITY IN 1835.
Abstract: THE MOVEMENT FOR PRISON REFORM IS EXAMINED WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, BECAUSE THE STATE OF THE PRISONS WAS THE RESPONSIBILITY OF LOCAL AUTHORITIES. THIS EXAMINATION MAKES IT CLEAR THAT COUNTY GOVERNMENT WAS NEVER INTIMIDATED BY THE SPECTRE OF GROWING CENTRALIZATION, SINCE THE SAME LANDED GENTRY WHO DOMINATED THE LEGISLATURE ALSO DOMINATED THE COUNTY MAGISTRACY. IT WAS LONDON AND OTHER URBAN CENTERS THAT VIGOROUSLY RESISTED PARLIAMENTARY INTERFERENCE IN THEIR AFFAIRS, BECAUSE THE URBAN LEADERS WANTED INDEPENDENCE FROM THE GENTRY-DOMINATED LEGISLATURE. THE SERIES OF ACTS CULMINATING IN THE IMPORTANT LEGISLATION OF 1835 IS THEREFORE VIEWED FROM A CITY VERSUS COUNTRY CONTEXT. OTHER FACTORS CITED AS INFLUENCING PRISON REFORM DURING THE LATE 18TH AND EARLY 19TH CENTURIES WERE INTELLECTUAL AND RELIGIOUS CURRENTS WHICH INFLUENCED THE POPULACE TO TAKE A MORE RATIONAL AND HUMANITARIAN VIEW OF CRIME AND PUNISHMENT. URBANIZATION AND A GROWING CRIME PROBLEM ALSO MADE PRISON REFORM A PRESSING ISSUE; HOWEVER, ALL OF THESE FACTORS ARE SEEN TO OPERATE WITHIN THE DYNAMIC OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE REALITIES AND THE ANTAGONISM BETWEEN CITY AND COUNTRY. QUARTER SESSIONS PAPERS WERE USED TO EXAMINE THE WORKINGS OF LOCAL ADMINISTRATION, AND HOME OFFICE PAPERS WERE A CRUCIAL SOURCE FOR THE OPERATIONS OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT. IN ADDITION, PARLIAMENTARY REPORTS REVEALED MUCH ABOUT PRISON CONDITIONS AND THE ATTITUDES OF THE LEGISLATURE. THE PERSONAL PAPERS OF SIGNIFICANT REFORMERS WERE ALSO VALUABLE SOURCES FOR THEIR MOTIVATIONS AND ACTIVITIES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS INCLUDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--RCB)
Index Term(s): Correctional reform; England
Note: UNIVERSITY OF NORTH CAROLINA AT CHAPEL HILL - DOCTORAL DISSERTATION
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49257

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