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NCJ Number: 49377 Find in a Library
Title: PHENOMENON OF HOSTAGE-TAKING - THE ITALIAN EXPERIENCE (FROM HOSTAGE-TAKING - PROBLEMS OF PREVENTION AND CONTROL - MANAGEMENT TRAINING SEMINAR - FINAL REPORT, 1976, BY CRELINSTEN AND LABERGE-ALTMEJD - SEE NCJ-49367)
Author(s): A FARIELLO
Corporate Author: University of Maryland
Dept of Criminal Justice and Criminology
United States of America

Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Canada
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 10
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Universite de Montreal, Centre International de Criminologie Comparee
Montreal, Quebec, Canada H3c 3j7
University of Maryland
College Park, MD 20742
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: Canada
Annotation: THE HISTORY AND ORIGINS OF KIDNAPING IN ITALY ARE TREATED, WITH ATTENTION TO PARTICULAR CASES, AND THE TECHNIQUES OF POLICE INVESTIGATION AND SOME PROPOSED PREVENTIVE LEGISLATION ARE PRESENTED.
Abstract: PIOR TO THE MID-1970'S KIDNAPING IN ITALY WAS CONSIDERED A TYPICAL CRIME OF THE MOUNTAINS OF SARDINIA. IN THE YEARS BETWEEN 1965 AND 1972, THERE WERE 50 CASES OF ABDUCTION IN SARDINIA, 13 IN CALABRIA, AND 8 IN SICILY. THE POLICE SOLVED 44 CASES AND ARRESTED 254 SUSPECTS. THE GENERAL TECHNIQUE USED BY THE KIDNAPPERS IS INDICATED. ABDUCTION IS VIEWED AS A CRIME THAT CAN BE EASILY ACCOMPLISHED, WHILE POLICE RESPONSE IS DIFFICULT DUE TO THE VERY NATURE OF THE CRIME. THE HEAVY INCREASE IN KIDNAPINGS IN 1975 IS BELIEVED TO REVEAL THAT HARSHER PENALTIES ARE NOT SUFFICIENT TO PREVENT THE CRIME, AND SO OTHER AVENUES FOR LEGISLATION HAVE BEEN PROPOSED. IT HAS BEEN SUGGESTED THAT THE JURISDICTION FOR EACH CASE OF ABDUCTION BE GIVEN TO THE TRIBUNAL AT THE PLACE OF THE CRIME AND NOT TO THE COURT AT THE PLACE WHERE THE VICTIM WAS RELEASED. IN A RECENT CASE OF ABDUCTION, A MAGISTRATE IN MILAN ORDERED THE POLICE TO PROHIBIT THE PAYMENT OF THE RANSOM PRICE. THIS PRACTICE HAS LED TO A DECREASE IN KIDNAPINGS IN THAT REGION. THE SUCCESS OF THIS TACTIC HAS BROUGHT SUPPORT FOR THE REQUIRED ADOPTION OF THE PRACTICE OF 'FREEZING' THE FUNDS OF THE VICTIM'S FAMILY, SO THAT POTENTIAL OFFENDERS WOULD KNOW THAT NO MONEY COULD BE SECURED UNDER THIS POLICY. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Crime specific countermeasures; Italy; Kidnapping
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49377

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