skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 49465 Find in a Library
Title: LONG TERM PUNISHMENT
Journal: BEWAEHRUNGSHILFE  Volume:25, V 2  Dated:(1978)  Pages:93-99
Author(s): E HARREMOES
Corporate Author: Deutsche Bewahrungshilfe
Friedrich-Ebert-Strasse 11b
West Germany (Former)
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 7
Format: Article
Language: German
Country: West Germany (Former)
Annotation: THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL ATTITUDES TOWARD LONG-TERM PUNISHMENT IS TRACED IN CONNECTION WITH THE ELIMINATION OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT.
Abstract: IN THE 19TH CENTURY, A STRONG ORIENTATION IN LAW TOWARD DEMOCRACY AND EQUALITY DEVELOPED IN A PARALLEL FASHION, IF AT DIFFERENT TIMES, IN MOST EUROPEAN COUNTRIES. RECENTLY, NORMS HAVE BECOME LESS STRICT, PRISON TERMS ARE SHORTER, ALTERNATIVE PENALTIES ARE SOUGHT, AND DECRIMINALIZATION IS GAINING WIDE ACCEPTANCE. STAGES FOR OUTLAWING CAPITAL PUNISHMENT INCLUDE REDUCTION OF DEATH SENTENCES AND EXECUTIONS, RETURN TO VERY LONG-TERM PRISON SENTENCES, GROWING DOUBTS ABOUT THE JUSTIFICATION FOR LONG PRISON TERMS, AND RECOURSE TO SHORT PRISON TERMS. THE ADVANCED PRACTICES OF DENMARK PROVIDE FOR ANNUAL INTERVIEWS WITH EACH PRISONER TO DECIDE ON PROPER REHABILITATION MEASURES AND TO REVIEW THE POSSIBILITY OF RELEASE. THE MORE RELAXED ATTITUDE TOWARD THE DEATH PENALTY AND LONG PENALTIES IN THE LAWS OF MANY EUROPEAN COUNTRIES SUGGESTS THAT IN THE FUTURE SENTENCES WILL BECOME EVEN SHORTER AND PRISONS MORE HUMANE. ELEMENTS WHICH CAN DETERMINE THE FUTURE COURSE OF LAWS AND PRACTICE REGARDING CAPITAL PUNISHMENT INCLUDE PUBLIC OPINION (PRESENTLY DECIDEDLY IN FAVOR OF CAPITAL PUNISHMENT ESPECIALLY FOR MURDERERS AND TERRORISTS); SOCIAL AND CULTURAL TRADITION, WHICH IN EUROPE FAVORS REHABILITATION; CHANGES IN SOCIAL PATTERNS, SUCH AS EXTREME CRIMINAL TENDENCIES WHICH MAY REQUIRE RADICAL CONTROL MEASURES; AND THE POOR ECONOMIC OUTLOOK, WHICH RENDERS REFORMS SUCH AS PRISON QUALITY IMPROVEMENTS, AND PRISON PERSONNEL EDUCATION FINANCIALLY IMPOSSIBLE. IT SEEMS LIKELY THAT PRISON SENTENCES WILL CONTINUE TO DIMINISH FOR MOST CRIMES, BUT CRIMINALS WHO POSE A REAL DANGER TO SOCIETY WILL REMAIN IN PRISON--EVEN IN THIS CASE THEIR BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS WILL BE CONSIDERED. --IN GERMAN. (KMD)
Index Term(s): Capital punishment; Europe; Incarceration; Rehabilitation; Social change
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49465

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.