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NCJ Number: NCJ 049512     Find in a Library
Title: EVALUATIVE RESEARCH IN CORRECTIONS - THE UNCERTAIN ROAD
Author(s): S ADAMS
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 26
Sponsoring Agency: US Dept of Justice
LEAA
National Institute of Law Enforcement and Criminal Justice
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 74-NI-99-0031-G
Sale Source: Eric Document Reproduction Service
P. O. Box 190
Arlington, VA 22210
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE VALIDITY AND THE EFFECTS OF THE 'ALMOST NOTHING WORKS' DOCTRINE ON CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT THEORY, RESEARCH, METHOD, AND REHABILITATION MEASURES ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: THE 1974 ARTICLE BY ROBERT MARTINSON IN PUBLIC INTEREST (SPRING 1974) DENYING EFFICACY IN PRISON REFORM RESULTED IN A MAJOR UNCERTAINTY IN THE FIELD OF CORRECTIONS. THE FOLLOWING ISSUES IN CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT ARE CONSIDERED IN LIGHT OF MARTINSON'S 'NOTHING WORKS' DOCTRINE: (1) THE RELATIVE EFFICACY OF CORRECTIONAL TREATMENTS; (2) THE EXTENT TO WHICH RESEARCH SHOULD STRIVE FOR RIGOR IN PROPER LOCATION OF RESEARCH EFFORTS; (3) THE IMPORTANCE OF SYSTEM MODELS IN EVALUATION; (4) THE PLACE OF ADVOCACY IN RESEARCH; (5) THE IMPORTANCE OF THEORY IN TREATMENT AND RESEARCH; (6) THE PLACE OF ADVOCACY IN RESEARCH; (7) THE PREFERRED TRAINING FOR RESEARCHERS; AND (8) OPTIMAL ADMINISTRATIVE STYLES FOR CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATORS. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT HAS BEEN AND CAN BE AS EFFICACIOUS AS OTHER FORMS OF SOCIAL REFORM AND THAT SYSTEM MODELS OF EVALUATION ARE UNDERUSED. MANY ASSUMPTIONS ABOUT RESEARCH METHODS MAY NEED REVIEW. TECHNIQUES THAT WORK IN RESEARCH MUST BE RECOGNIZED AS EQUALLY IMPORTANT AS THOSE THAT WORK IN CORRECTIONAL TREATMENT. THE TREND TOWARD ASSESSMENT OF EVALUATIONS SHOULD RESULT IN SHARPER PERCEPTIONS ON HOW TO STRUCTURE RESEARCH OPERATIONS. FURTHER STUDY IS NEEDED ON THE RELATIVE EFFICACY OF FORMAL THEORY, THE ABSENCE OF THEORY, AND GROUNDED THEORY AS BASES FOR PRODUCTIVE RESEARCH. REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--DAG)
Index Term(s): Theory ; Evaluative research ; Corrections
Note: PAPER PRESENTED AT THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE ONTARIO PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION, LONDON, ONTARIO, CANADA, FEBRUARY 12-14, 1976
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49512

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