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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 49607 Find in a Library
Title: DANGEROUSNESS OF DANGEROUSNESS (FROM DANGEROUS OFFENDER PREDICTION AND ASSESSMENT - PROCEEDINGS OF A SEMINAR, 1977 - SEE NCJ-49606)
Author(s): R TOMASIC
Corporate Author: Sydney University
Law School
Institute of Criminology
Australia
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: Sydney University
Sydney, Australia
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: STUDIES ARE CITED TO SHOW THE INABILITY OF ANY EXISTING MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE TO PREDICT VIOLENT BEHAVIOR, AND THE IMPLICATIONS OF THIS FINDING FOR CRIMINAL JUSTICE DECISIONMAKING ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: IT IS ARGUED THAT CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICYMAKERS HAVE FAILED TO TAKE SERIOUSLY THE FINDING OF MANY STUDIES THAT VIOLENT OR OTHERWISE DANGEROUS BEHAVIOR CANNOT BE PREDICTED. IN THESE SAME STUDIES, OVERPREDICTION HAS BEEN THE PATTERN; THUS, THE UNJUST INSTITUTIONALIZATION OF A MULTITUDE OF PERSONS WHO WOULD NOT ACT OUT DANGEROUS BEHAVIOR IS THE RESULT OF ESTABLISHED PATTERNS OF DECISIONMAKING BASED ON PRESUMED PREDICTIONS OF DANGEROUSNESS. IT IS SPECULATED THAT THE CONTINUED USE OF THESE PROCEDURES IN THE LIGHT OF STUDIES SHOWING THEIR INVALIDITY IS A POLITICAL DECISION THAT GIVES ESTABLISHED AUTHORITIES COMPREHENSIVE SOCIAL CONTROL OVER CERTAIN PERSONS TOWARD WHOM SOCIETY OR CORRECTIONAL PERSONNEL HAVE A SUBJECTIVELY PUNITIVE STANCE. THIS EXISTING PROCEDURAL STRUCTURE FOR ARBITRARY SOCIAL CONTROL IS BELIEVED TO HAVE NO PLACE IN A CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM THAT CLAIMS TO OPERATE UNDER REASONABLY OBJECTIVE STANDARDS OF JUSTICE. IT IS URGED THAT A THOROUGH EXAMINATION OF EXISTING AUSTRALIAN LAW AND PRACTICE BE UNDERTAKEN WITH A VIEW TO BRINGING POLICY IN LINE WITH THE LIMITATIONS EVIDENCED IN BEHAVIORAL PREDICTION PROCEDURES. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Australia; Decisionmaking; Indeterminate sentences; Prediction; Violent offenders
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49607

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