skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 49643 Find in a Library
Title: CHOICE OF LAW AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF THE EXCLUSIONARY RULE IN CRIMINAL CASES
Journal: TENNESSEE LAW REVIEW  Volume:44  Issue:4  Dated:(SUMMER 1977)  Pages:1043-1083
Author(s): W H THEIS
Corporate Author: Tennessee Law Review Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 41
Sponsoring Agency: Tennessee Law Review Assoc
Knoxville, TN 37916
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECT OF DISHARMONIES IN STATE VERSUS STATE AND STATE VERSUS FEDERAL LAWS UPON THE ADMISSION OR THE EXCLUSION OF EVIDENCE GATHERED IN CRIMINAL CASES IS EXAMINED. APPLICABLE JUDICIAL DECISIONS ARE CITED.
Abstract: A SERIES OF CASES ARE EXAMINED TO ILLUSTRATE PROBLEMS WHICH ARISE WHEN A CRIME IS COMMITTED IN ONE STATE WHILE SEARCHERS FOR EVIDENCE, CONFESSIONS, OR OTHER POLICE ACTIVITY TAKES PLACE IN ANOTHER STATE. CONFLICTS ARISE WHEN STATE LAWS GOVERNING COLLECTION OF EVIDENCE OR SUSPECT'S RIGHTS DURING QUESTIONING VARY BETWEEN THE STATES INVOLVED. A SERIES OF APPEALS HAVE TESTED BOTH THE ADMISSION OF EVIDENCE OR THE REFUSAL TO ADMIT EVIDENCE THUS GATHERED. GENERALLY STATE SUPREME COURTS HAVE HELD THAT THE LAWS OF THE STATE IN WHICH THE ACTION TAKES PLACE GOVERN THE ADMISSIBILITY OF THE EVIDENCE COLLECTED. AS MORE AND MORE STATES COME INTO STATUTORY COMPLIANCE WITH RECENT U.S. SUPREME COURT DECISIONS GOVERNING RIGHTS OF DEFENDANTS, THE PROBLEM IS DECREASING. HOWEVER, CONFLICTS BETWEEN FEDERAL LAW AND STATE LAW ARE STILL A PROBLEM. FEDERAL INVESTIGATIONS OF DRUG LAW VIOLATIONS OR OTHER CRIMES UNDER FEDERAL JURISDICTION ARE RUN UNDER FEDERAL LAW. IN CASES INVOLVING LOCAL POLICE, THE STATE OR MUNICIPAL OFFICERS OPERATE UNDER STATE LAW, WHICH MANY TIMES DIFFERS FROM FEDERAL LAW. A WIRETAPPING CASE IS EXAMINED. UNDER FEDERAL LAW THE WIRETAPPING WAS LEGAL. THE RESULTS WERE TURNED OVER TO CALIFORNIA POLICE. UNDER CALIFORNIA LAW AT THE TIME, ALL WIRETAPPING WAS STRICTLY PROHIBITED. THE CONVICTION WAS ALTERNATELY REVERSED BY A PANEL OPINION OF THE NINTH CIRCUIT, U.S. COURT OF APPEALS, THEN UPHELD BY THE ENTIRE COURT. THERE IS A SUBSTANTIAL BODY OF OPINION UPHOLDING THE REQUIREMENTS OF STATE LAW, YET THESE GENERALITIES HAVE NOT BEEN FULLY TESTED IN THE COURTS. THIS DISCUSSION OF THE RAMIFICATIONS OF SUCH CONFLICTS IS HEAVILY FOOTNOTED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): California; Exclusionary rule; Federal Code; Federal law enforcement agencies; Laws and Statutes; Municipal police; Police agencies; Police legal limitations; Rules of evidence; Search and seizure laws; State laws; State police
Note: THIS ARTICLE WAS WRITTEN IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF SCIENCE OF LAW IN THE FACULTY OF LAW, COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49643

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.