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NCJ Number: 49742 Find in a Library
Title: CONSUMERS OF JUSTICE - HOW THE PUBLIC VIEWS THE FEDERAL JUDICIAL PROCESS
Author(s): D J MEADOR
Corporate Author: Federal Judicial Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1975
Page Count: 25
Sponsoring Agency: Federal Judicial Ctr
Washington, DC 20002
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Publication Number: FJC-ETS-77-66
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: PUBLIC PERCEPTIONS OF AND ATTITUDES TOWARD THE JUDICIAL PROCESS ARE EVALUATED. APPARENT DISCREPANCIES BETWEEN THE REALITY AND APPEARANCE OF JUSTICE ARE ANALYZED.
Abstract: THE FEDERAL JUDICIARY IS AN ANOMALY IN A DEMOCRATIC SOCIETY. IT CONSISTS OF A NONELECTED GROUP WHICH DOES NOT HOLD OFFICE FOR A SPECIFIED TERM. ITS SURVIVAL AND EFFECTIVENESS DEPEND ULTIMATELY ON THE APPROVAL OF THE PUBLIC. APPEARANCE IS ONE NECESSARY ELEMENT IN THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE; OTHER ELEMENTS ARE THE ACTUALITY OR THE REALITY OF JUSTICE AND THE IDEAL OF JUSTICE. THE PUBLIC WOULD LIKE A COURT SYSTEM THAT HEARS AND DECIDES CASES FAIRLY AND EFFICIENTLY AND IS STAFFED BY JUDGES WHO ARE INTELLIGENT, FAIR, KNOWLEDGEABLE IN THE LAW, AND INCORRUPTIBLE. CONCERN ABOUT OUR FEDERAL COURT SYSTEM RESULTS PARTLY FROM THE FACT THAT JUDGES ARE HUMAN AND THUS FALLIBLE. THE APPEARANCE OF JUSTICE IS SUFFERING BECAUSE OF THE NOVEL INTERNAL PRACTICES ADOPTED BY SOME JUDGES TO MEET THE LARGE INCREASE IN CASELOADS. SCREENING HAS EMERGED, BRINGING WITH IT A DIFFERENTIATION OF DECISIONAL PROCESSES. SOME APPEALS ARE DECIDED WITHOUT ORAL ARGUMENT, WITHOUT CONFERENCE, AND WITHOUT A SIGNED OPINION. ONE DISCREPANCY BETWEEN REALITY AND APPEARANCE HAS DEVELOPED THROUGH THE PRACTICE OF SOME COURTS OF PROVIDING ONLY A CRYPTIC STATEMENT OF RESULTS RATHER THAN AN EXPLANATION. EACH APPELLATE COURT SHOULD CREATE AN ADVISORY COMMITTEE COMPOSED OF LAWYERS, TRIAL JUDGES, LAW PROFESSORS, AND APPELLATE JUDGES TO FOCUS ON INTERNAL DECISION PROCESSES. THE RETIREMENT AND REMOVAL OF FEDERAL JUDGES AND THE APPROPRIATE ROLE OF FEDERAL COURTS ARE CONSIDERED. THE IMPACT OF SOCIAL CHANGE ON CONSUMER PERCEPTIONS OF THE JUDICIAL PROCESS IS ASSESSED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Court management; Federal courts; Judicial conduct and ethics; Judicial process; Perception; Public Attitudes/Opinion
Note: EDUCATION AND TRAINING SERIES PRESENTED AT A SEMINAR FOR FEDERAL APPELLATE JUDGES SPONSORED BY THE FEDERAL JUDICIAL CENTER, MARCH 11-14, 1975
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49742

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