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NCJ Number: 49773 Find in a Library
Title: UNITED STATES - THE PRESENT JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM (FROM JUVENILE JUSTICE IN BRITAIN AND THE UNITED STATES - THE BALANCE OF NEEDS AND RIGHTS, 1978, BY PHYLLIDA PARSLOE SEE NCJ-49769)
Author(s): P PARSLOE
Corporate Author: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd
United States of America
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 17
Sponsoring Agency: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd
Boston, MA 02108
Format: Document
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE MAJOR FEATURES OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM IN THE UNITED STATES ARE OUTLINED AS A BASIS FOR COMPARISON OF SYSTEMS IN THE UNITED STATES AND BRITAIN.
Abstract: THE OUTLINE DRAWS ON THE PROVISIONS OF THE UNIFORM JUVENILE COURT ACT OF 1968, THE U.S. CHILDREN'S BUREAU'S 1969 LEGISLATIVE GUIDE FOR DRAFTING FAMILY AND JUVENILE COURT ACTS, AND THE MODEL RULES FOR JUVENILE COURTS, PUBLISHED IN 1969 BY THE COUNCIL OF JUDGES OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL ON CRIME AND DELINQUENCY. THE POSITION OF THE JUVENILE COURT WITHIN THE OVERALL COURT STRUCTURE IS DISCUSSED, AS ARE THE DUTIES AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF JUVENILE COURT JUDGES AND PROBATION OFFICERS. THE CLASSES OF CHILDREN FALLING WITHIN THE JURISDICTION OF THE JUVENILE COURTS ARE IDENTIFIED. WAIVERS TO ADULT COURTS AND PROCEDURES FOR ENTRY INTO THE JUVENILE COURT SYSTEM (BY ARREST OR BY PETITION) ARE DISCUSSED. DUE PROCESS STANDARDS FOR JUVENILE COURT HEARINGS ARE NOTED, WITH REFERENCE TO THE BIFURCATED HEARING PROCESS OF FIRST DETERMINING WHETHER THE ACTS ALLEGED AS GROUNDS FOR DELINQUENCY OR UNRULINESS ACTUALLY TOOK PLACE, AND THEN DECIDING WHETHER THE CHILD REQUIRES TREATMENT OR REHABILITATION. DISPOSITIONS AVAILABLE TO THE JUVENILE COURTS FOR DELINQUENT OR UNRULY CHILDREN ARE OUTLINED AND DISCUSSED. IT IS POINTED OUT THAT THE DISPOSITIONAL POWERS GRANTED TO THE COURTS ARE WIDE, REFLECTING THE PRINCIPLE THAT JUVENILE COURT JUDGES ARE QUALIFIED TO DETERMINE THE NEEDS OF THE CHILDREN BROUGHT BEFORE THEM. (LKM)
Index Term(s): Jurisdiction; Juvenile adjudication; Juvenile court intake; Juvenile court waiver; Juvenile courts; Juvenile justice system; Juvenile processing
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49773

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