skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 49799 Find in a Library
Title: STUDY ON CHARACTERISTICS OF CURRENT LARCENY AND JUDICIAL PROCEEDINGS - JAPAN
Journal: HOMU SOGO KENYUSHO KENUBU KIYO  Issue:20  Dated:(1977)  Pages:17-38
Author(s): K SATO; H SUGIHARA; Y MATSUMOTO; F TOMITA; S KUROTA
Corporate Author: Japan Ministry of Justice
Research and Training Institute
Japan
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Japan Ministry of Justice
Tokyo, Japan
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Document
Language: Japanese
Country: Japan
Annotation: THIS STUDY EXAMINES THE CAUSES OF AN INCREASE IN LARCENY RATES IN JAPAN IN RECENT YEARS BY INVESTIGATING FACTORS OF GENERAL CRIME INCIDENCE AND THE PROCESSING OF LARCENY OFFENDERS THROUGH THE JUSTICE SYSTEM.
Abstract: SUBSTANDARD SOCIOECONOMIC CONDITIONS ALONE ARE DEEMED INSUFFICIENT EXPLANATION FOR THE SHARP RISE IN LARCENY OFFENSES. RECENT LARCENY PATTERNS ARE PROBABLY AFFECTED BY COMPLEX FACTORS SUCH AS URBANIZATION, INDUSTRIALIZATION, INCREASED DESIRE FOR GOODS STIMULATED BY AN AFFLUENT SOCIETY, AND DECLINING SOCIAL CONSCIOUSNESS. OBJECTIVES OF THE RESEARCH INCLUDED CLARIFICATION OF INFORMATION CONCERNING TYPES OF OFFENSES, MOTIVES, CAUSES, AND REGIONAL FACTORS, AS WELL AS ANALYZING JUDICIAL AND SENTENCING DATA FOR LARCENY CASES. DATA WERE OBTAINED BY QUESTIONNAIRE FROM VARIOUS TOKYO PROSECUTORIAL OFFICES REGARDING CASES PROCESSED IN MARCH 1955. THE NUMBER OF SUBJECTS STUDIED WAS 1,950 (815 INDICTED, 1,135 UNINDICTED). OFFENDER NATIONALITY WAS JAPANESE FOR 98.1 PERCENT OF THE CASES; 80.7 PERCENT OF OFFENDERS PROCESSED WERE MALES. NEARLY HALF FELL IN THE 20-30 AGE CATEGORY, AND 29.1 PERCENT WERE 30-40. A TOTAL OF 57.9 PERCENT LIVED ALONE. OF THE CRIMES COMMITTED, 4,414 WERE PERPETRATED IN THE SAME AREA AS THE OFFENDER'S RESIDENCE. IN ADDITION, 58.9 PERCENT OF THE OFFENDERS WERE EMPLOYED, WHILE HOUSEWIVES WERE INVOLVED IN 12 PERCENT OF THE OFFENDERS AND STUDENTS MADE UP ONLY 1.6 PERCENT. IMPULSE ACTION WAS SAID TO ACCOUNT FOR 32.5 PERCENT OF THE LARCENIES; THE WISH FOR AMUSEMENT OR QRATIFICATION FOR 28.6 PERCENT, AND DEPRIVATION OF ONLY 13.4 PERCENT. THE THREE MOST PREVALENT CRIMES WERE SHOPLIFTING, FORCED ENTRY, AND PROWLING. MORE SHOPLIFTERS TENDED TO BE OVER 30 THAN DID MOTORCYCLE THIEVES. TOKYO HAD THE HIGHEST LARCENY RATE; THE CITY OF NAGANO LEADS IN SHOPLIFTING AND URAWA IN CYCLE THEFTS. THE MALE INDICTMENT RATE WAS APPROXIMATELY 9 TIMES THE FEMALE RATE. INDICTMENT WAS HIGHER FOR YOUNGER AGE GROUPS AND FOR THOSE WHO LIVED ALONE. IT WAS HIGHEST FOR PICKPOCKETS, FOLLOWED BY PROWLERS. IN GENERAL, INDICTMENTS WERE PRESSED IN PROPORTION TO THE SEVERITY OF THE OFFENSE, VALUE OF GOODS TAKEN, PAST RECORDS, AND MOTIVES, AND DROPPED WHEN THERE WERE MITIGATING CIRCUMSTANCES. THIS INDICATES A DEVELOPED DISCRETIONARY SYSTEM. (MRK)
Index Term(s): Burglary; Crime rate studies; Japan; Motor Vehicle Theft; Offenders; Prosecutorial diversion; Robbery; Shoplifting
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49799

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.