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NCJ Number: 49807 Find in a Library
Title: UTILIZATION OF MEDICAL SERVICES BY A CAPTIVE POPULATION AN ANALYSIS OF SICK CALL IN STATE PRISON
Journal: JOURNAL OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL BEHAVIOR  Volume:17  Dated:(SEPTEMBER 1976)  Pages:236-248
Author(s): A C TWADDLE
Corporate Author: American Sociological Review
Managing Editor
American Sociological Assoc
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 13
Sponsoring Agency: American Sociological Review
Washington, DC 20036
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THIS STUDY EXAMINES THE PATTERNS OF MEDICAL SERVICE UTILIZATION BY PRISON INMATES AND IDENTIFIES SOME INMATE CHARACTERISTICS THAT DIFFERENTIATE UTILIZATION LEVELS.
Abstract: THE DATA WERE COLLECTED IN CONJUNCTION WITH A 5-MONTH STUDY IN THE HOSPITAL OF A LARGE MIDWESTERN STATE PRISON FOR MEN. DURING THE LAST MONTH OF THE STUDY'S FIELD WORK PHASE (SEPTEMBER, 1972), A SAMPLE OF 300 INMATES WAS SELECTED FROM A COMPLETE LIST OF INMATES PROVIDED BY THE PRISON ADMINISTRATION. INFORMATION ON CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SELECTED INMATES, CONDITIONS OF IMPRISONMENT, LENGTH OF TIME OF PRISON, HEALTH HISTORIES, THE UTILIZATION OF MEDICAL SERVICES, AND DISCIPLINARY REPORTS WAS SECURED FROM PRISON RECORDS IN BOTH THE HOSPITAL AND THE CLASSIFICATION OFFICE. THESE DATA ARE STUDIED IN RELATION TO INMATE UTILIZATION OF MEDICAL SERVICES. RESULTS SHOWED A HIGHER THAN AVERAGE RATE OF MEDICAL CARE UTILIZATION AMONG PRISON INMATES, COMPARED WITH THE GENERAL POPULATION OF U.S. SICK CALLS WERE MORE LIKELY AMONG THE YOUNG, BLACK INMATES, AND THOSE WHO HAD BEEN IN PRISON A RELATIVELY SHORT PERIOD OF TIME, THOSE WHO HAD A HISTORY OF MEDICAL CARE PRIOR TO IMPRISONMENT, AND THOSE WHO INHABITED LESS DESIRABLE ACCOMMONDATIONS IN THE PRISON. THE FINDINGS PARALLEL A SIMILAR STUDY OF PERSONNEL ON NAVAL SHIPS. SEVERAL EXPLANATIONS OF THE UTILIZATION FINDINGS WERE EXPLORED, INCLUDING DISEASE RATES, STRESS, SOCIALIZATIONS, ADMINISTRATIVE POLICY, AND LABELING. TO VARYING DEGREES, A PLAUSIBLE CASE COULD BE BUILT FOR CAUSAL RELATIONSHIPS INVOLVING ALL THESE FACTORS, WITH THE EXCEPTION OF DISEASE RATES. STUDIES DESIGNED TO DIRECTLY MEASURE THESE FACTORS IN COMBINATION ARE INDICATED. TABULAR DATA AND REFERENCES ARE PROVIDED.
Index Term(s): Comparative analysis; Inmate Programs; Medical and dental services; Research
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49807

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