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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 49823 Find in a Library
Title: RECIDIVISM, CRIME, AND DELINQUENCY - A PSYCHOANALYST'S PERSPECTIVE
Journal: JOURNAL OF PSYCHIATRY AND LAW  Volume:4  Issue:1  Dated:(SPRING 1976)  Pages:61-104
Author(s): E H KAPLAN
Corporate Author: Federal Legal Publications, Inc
Managing Editor
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 44
Sponsoring Agency: Federal Legal Publications, Inc
New York, NY 10007
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A CROSS-CULTURAL EXAMINATION OF CRIME IS PRESENTED, AND DIVERGENT FRAMES OF REFERENCE USED TO EXPLAIN CRIME AND RECIDIVISM ARE CONSIDERED.
Abstract: THEORIES OF ENVIRONMENTAL CAUSAL FACTORS IN CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR, DELINQUENCY, AND PREVENTION ARE DISCUSSED FOR SPECIFIC GROUPS IN THE UNITED STATES, AND FOR GROUPS IN JAPAN, CANADA, AND CHINA. IT IS FOUND THAT SOCIOLOGICAL AND SIMPLISTIC PSYCHOLOGICAL THEORIES FOR CRIME AND DELINQUENCY FAIL TO EXPLAIN VARIATION IN INDIVIDUAL OUTCOME UNDER SIMILAR CONDITIONS. SEVERAL STUDIES OF DELINQUENCY AND RECIDIVISM ARE REVIEWED, AND A TYPICAL COMPOSITE LIFE HISTORY OF MANY CHILDREN FROM DYSFUNCTIONAL OR DISORGANIZED FAMILIES IN A SLUM ENVIRONMENT WHO EVENTUALLY BECOME OFFENDERS IS DRAWN. PSYCHIATRIC CLASSIFICATION AND PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORIES ARE BRIEFLY DISCUSSED, AND, IN PARTICULAR, THE CRIMINAL SUPEREGO THEORY IS CONSIDERED. THE VARIOUS TYPOLOGIES CONSIDERED ILLUSTRATE THE PSYCHOANALYTIC VIEW OF BEHAVIOR AS A COMPLICATED VECTORIAL OUTCOME OF FORCES IN THE MIND SUCH THAT THE SAME CRIME MAY BE COMMITTED FOR DIFFERENT REASONS BY DIFFERENT INDIVIDUALS. IT IS MENTIONED THAT THE BORDERLINE AND NARCISSISTIC PERSONALITY ORGANIZATIONS SO FREQUENTLY ASSOCIATED WITH THE DEPRIVED DISORGANIZED FAMILIES ARE RULED BY TENSION IMPELLING IMPULSIVE ACTION. THESE PERSONS SUFFER FROM MALDEVELOPMENT OF THE EGO FUNCTIONS WHICH TOLERATE DELAY, FRUSTRATION, THINKING AND CHOICE. THREE TYPES OF CRIMINAL SUPEREGO ARE DISCUSSED. THE SYSTEMATIC TRANSLATION OF SOCIOLOGICAL DATA INTO PSYCHOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE FOR ALL THREE AGENCIES OF THE MIND OF RECIDIVISTS IS REQUIRED FOR AND EXPLORATION OF THEIR BEHAVIOR. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Psychology; Recidivism; Recidivists; Sociology; Theory
Note: PREPARED FOR THE PLENARY SESSION OF THE INTERDISCIPLINARY COLLOQUIUM, NEW YORK, NEW YORK, JANUARY 29, 1975
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49823

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