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NCJ Number: 49824 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PRISONIZATION AND ITS CONSEQUENCES - AN EXAMINATION OF SOCIALIZATION IN A COERCIVE SETTING
Journal: SOCIOLOGICAL FOCUS  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1977)  Pages:53-68
Author(s): C W THOMAS
Corporate Author: North Central Sociological Assoc
University of Akron
Dept of Sociology
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 16
Sponsoring Agency: North Central Sociological Assoc
Akron, OH 44325
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 73-NI-03-0002
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE UTILITY OF A MODEL CAPABLE OF ACCOUNTING FOR SEVERAL CONSEQUENCES OF IMPRISONMENT IS OUTLINED AND ASSESSED.
Abstract: A NUMBER OF PROPOSITIONS ABOUT THE CONSEQUENCES OF IMPRISONMENT ON THE ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR OF INMATES ARE TESTED WITH INTERVIEW AND QUESTIONNAIRE DATA GATHERED AT A MAXIMUM SECURITY PRISON IN A SOUTHEASTERN STATE IN 1969 AND 1970. THE SAMPLE OF 276 INMATES THAT PROVIDED THE BASIS FOR THE ANALYSIS IS ACKNOWLEDGED NOT TO BE PURELY RANDOM; HOWEVER, A SERIES OF COMPARISONS OF SAMPLE STATISTICS WITH POPULATION PARAMETERS INDICATED THAT THE SAMPLE WAS REPRESENTATIVE WITH REGARD TO SUCH RELEVANT FACTORS AS OFFENSE TYPE, ETHNICITY, INSTITUTIONAL ASSIGNMENTS, AND SENTENCE LENGTH. THE OPERATIONAL MEASURES OF THE MAJOR VARIABLES ARE AS FOLLOWS: POWERLESSNESS, POSTPRISON EXPECTATIONS, NORMATIVE ASSIMILATION, SOCIAL ROLE ADAPTATION, OPPOSITION TO THE PRISON ORGANIZATION, CRIMINAL IDENTIFICATION, AND OPPOSITION TO THE LEGAL SYSTEM. THE FINDINGS FROM THE STUDY INDICATE THAT THE DEGREE OF NORMATIVE ASSIMILATION AND THE ASSUMPTION OF AN ANTISOCIAL INMATE ROLE ARE STRONGLY RELATED TO NEGATIVE ATTITUDES TOWARD THE PRISON ORGANIZATION, OPPOSITION TO THE LEGAL SYSTEM, AND CRIMINAL IDENTIFICATION. THUS, THE THEORY THAT PREPRISON, PRISON-SPECIFIC, AND EXTRAPRISON VARIABLES ARE DIRECTLY LINKED WITH THE MEASURES OF ASSIMILATION IN PRISON IS SUPPORTED. IT IS CONCLUDED THAT PRISON, PARTIULARLY MAXIMUM SECURITY, THROUGH ITS COERCION AND CONTROL STIMULATES ASSIMILATION INTO AN INMATE SUBCULTURE MARKED BY SUBSTANTIAL NEGATIVISM AND HOSTILITY TOWARD THE STAFF, PROGRAM, AND POLICIES OF THE PRISON ORGANIZATION. SUCH A HAPPENING IS BELIEVED TO UNDERMINE BOTH THE REHABILITATION AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS OF THE PRISON. DATA FROM THE STUDY ARE INCLUDED. (RCB)
Index Term(s): Behavior patterns; Inmate attitudes; Models; Studies
Note: PRESENTED TO THE AMERICAN SOCIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION CONVENTION, NEW YORK, NEW YORK, 1976
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49824

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