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NCJ Number: 49826 Find in a Library
Title: DELIVERY OF URBAN PUBLIC SERVICES - PRODUCTION, COST AND DEMAND FUNCTIONS, AND DETERMINANTS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURES FOR FIRE, POLICE, AND SANITATION SERVICES
Author(s): G VERNEZ
Corporate Author: Rand Corporation
United States of America
Date Published: 1976
Page Count: 194
Sponsoring Agency: Rand Corporation
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
Sale Source: Rand Corporation
1776 Main Street
P.O. Box 2138
Santa Monica, CA 90407-2138
United States of America
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: A LITERATURE REVIEW ANALYZES STUDIES ON THE DELIVERY OF URBAN PUBLIC SERVICES AND EMPIRICAL ESTIMATES OF COST, EXPENDITURE, PRODUCTION, AND DEMAND FUNCTIONS. PUBLIC ATTITUDES REGARDING SERVICE DELIVERY ARE DISCUSSED.
Abstract: PUBLIC FIRE, POLICE AND SANITATION SERVICES ARE EXAMINED. THE DOCUMENT BRIEFLY REVIEWS THE RATIONALES FOR PUBLIC AS OPPOSED TO PRIVATE SUPPLY OF CERTAIN GOODS AND SERVICE, AND DEFINES THE BASIC ELEMENTS RELEVANT TO THE ANALYSIS OF PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY. THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS FOR THE DETERMINATION OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURE, PRODUCTION, COST, AND DEMAND FUNCTIONS ARE PRESENTED. A SUMMARY AND EVALUATION IS MADE OF EMPIRICAL RESEARCH EFFORTS TO IDENTIFY FACTORS AFFECTING THE NATURE OF URBAN SERVICES AND TO DETERMINE THE STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN SERVICE INPUTS AND OUTPUTS. SECTIONS PRESENT STUDIES ON DETERMINANTS OF PUBLIC EXPENDITURES, ESTIMATES OF PRODUCTION, COST, AND DEMAND FUNCTIONS FOR FIRE, POLICE, AND SANITATION SERVICES; SUMMARIES AND ASSESSMENTS OF RESEARCH ON PUBLIC PERCEPTION OF, AND SATISFACTION WITH, PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY ARE PRESENTED. EACH SECTION CONCLUDES WITH AN EVALUATION OF THE USEFULNESS OF THE RESEARCH FINDINGS FOR POLICYMAKING AND RECOMMENDATIONS FOR FURTHER RESEARCH. IT IS FOUND THAT EMPIRICAL ATTEMPTS TO DETERMINE PUBLIC EXPENDITURE, PRODUCTION, COST, AND DEMAND FUNCTIONS FOR URBAN PUBLIC SERVICES HAVE FALLEN SHORT OF THEIR POTENTIAL USEFULNESS FOR POLICYMAKERS. AN IMPORTANT WEAKNESS OF ALL THE STUDIES REVIEWED IS THE OMISSION OR MISSPECIFICATION OF MEASURES OF SERVICE OUTPUT QUANTITY, OUTPUT MIX AND QUALITY, INPUT MIX AND QUALITY, AND INPUT FACTOR PRICES. THUS, THERE APPEARS TO BE A LACK OF UNDERSTANDING OF THE PROCESS OF DELIVERY OF FIRE, POLICE, AND SANITATION SERVICE, AND OF THE FACTORS THAT AFFECT THE QUALITY AND LEVEL OF SERVICE. FURTHER RESEARCH SHOULD ADOPT A DETAILED ANALYTICAL APPROACH. A BIBLIOGRAPHY IS PROVIDED. (AUTHOR ABSTRACT MODIFIED--DAG)
Index Term(s): Analysis; Cost analysis; Economic analysis; Evaluation; Fire departments; Literature; Local government; Police agencies; Public Attitudes/Opinion; Urban planning
Note: RAND PAPER SERIES
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49826

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