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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 49836 Find in a Library
Title: NEW FOUNDATIONS - OCCASIONAL PAPERS ON CORRECTIONAL TOPICS FROM THE CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTION NO 1 - TERMS OF THE ALTERNATE SENTENCING DEBATE
Author(s): ANON
Corporate Author: Connecticut Dept of Correction
United States of America
Date Published: 1977
Page Count: 20
Sponsoring Agency: Connecticut Dept of Correction
Wethersfield, CT 06109
National Institute of Justice/
Rockville, MD 20849
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Document: PDF
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: FREQUENTLY USED TERMS IN THE ALTERNATE SENTENCING DEBATE ARE DEFINED IN THIS PUBLICATION OF THE CONNECTICUT DEPARTMENT OF CORRECTION.
Abstract: WHILE LOCAL VARIATIONS IN TERMS MAY EXIST, THESE COMMONLY USED DEFINITIONS IN CONNECTICUT ARE EXTREMELY USEFUL IN EXAMINING STATEMENTS FROM LOCAL AND NATIONAL LEGISLATORS, CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROFESSIONALS, AND ACADEMIC THEORISTS. THE SENTENCE IS THE FORMAL DISPOSITION A JUDGE GIVES A DEFENDANT UPON CONVICTION. ANY OFFENSE FOR WHICH A PERSON MAY BE SENTENCED TO A TERM OF IMPRISONMENT EXCEEDING 1 YEAR IS A FELONY. ANY OFFENSE INVOLVING A SENTENCE OF LESS THAN 1 YEAR IS A MISDEMEANOR. PROBATION IS AN EXTENSIVELY USED ALTERNATIVE TO IMPRISONMENT. UNDER THE INDETERMINATE SENTENCE, CONVICTED FELONY OFFENDERS ARE SENTENCED TO BOTH A MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM TERM OF IMPRISONMENT. A NARROWLY DEFINED SENTENCE (1 TO 20 YEARS) IS CALLED THE INDEFINITE SENTENCE. PAROLE IS THE MEANS BY WHICH INMATES SENTENCED UNDER THE INDETERMINATE STRUCTURE ARE RELEASED FROM CONFINEMENT BEFORE THEIR MAXIMUM TERM IS SERVED. DEFINITE SENTENCES DIFFER FROM INDETERMINATE SENTENCES BECAUSE CONVICTED OFFENDERS ARE SENTENCED TO A SPECIFIC NUMBER OF YEARS RATHER THAN TO A RANGE OF YEARS. MANDATORY SENTENCES REQUIRE THAT PERSONS CONVICTED OF CERTAIN LEGISLATIVELY SELECTED CRIMES SPEND A CERTAIN PERIOD OF TIME IN CORRECTIONAL CONFINEMENT. FLAT, FIXED, DETERMINATE, AND SOMETIMES DEFINITE SENTENCES RELATE TO A FORM OF SENTENCING THAT IS INCREASING IN THEORETICAL POPULARITY. THE OPERATING ASSUMPTION OF PRESUMPTIVE SENTENCING IS THAT CONVICTION OF A CERTAIN CRIME PREDICTABLY RESULTS IN A CERTAIN SENTENCE THAT CAN THEN BE MODIFIED BY MITIGATING OR AGGRAVATING FACTORS. THREE FORMS OF 'GOOD TIME' ARE AUTHORIZED BY CONNECTICUT STATUTES: STATUTORY GOOD TIME, JAIL CREDIT GOOD TIME, AND 7-DAY WORK WEEK GOOD TIME. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Connecticut; Determinate Sentencing; Felony; Good time allowance; Indeterminate sentences; Mandatory Sentencing; Misdemeanor; Offenses; Parole; Probation; Sentencing/Sanctions
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49836

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