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NCJ Number: 49909 Find in a Library
Title: BIRTH ORDER AS A VARIABLE OF PROBATION PERFORMANCE
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:10  Issue:1  Dated:(JANUARY 1973)  Pages:29-34
Author(s): J B MULLIN
Corporate Author: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
United States of America
Date Published: 1973
Page Count: 6
Sponsoring Agency: National Council on Crime and Delinquency
Des Moines, IA 50316
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: THE EFFECT OF BIRTH ORDER ON AN INDIVIDUAL'S SUCCESS OR FAILURE DURING PROBATION IS ANALYZED. DATA WAS GATHERED FROM 246 CASES HANDLED BY COUNTY PROBATION DEPARTMENTS IN NORTHEASTERN NEW YORK STATE FROM 1969 TO 1970.
Abstract: RESEARCH STUDIES INDICATING THAT FIRST-BORN AND ONLY CHILDREN DIFFER FROM LATER-BORN INDIVIDUALS IN PERSONALITY AND BEHAVIORAL CHARACTERISTICS ARE REVIEWED. FIRST-BORNS TEND TO BE MORE DEPENDENT, PARTICULARLY AT TIMES OF STRESS, THAN OTHER CHILDREN. APPLYING THIS BIRTH-ORDER THEORY TO PROBATION, IT WAS EXPECTED THAT THE TWO GROUPS WOULD EXHIBIT DIFFERENTIAL RESPONSES TO CERTAIN KINDS OF TREATMENT. THE CASES ANALYZED IN THIS STUDY WERE TERMINATED EITHER BY DISCHARGE OR BY VIOLATION, AND DATA WERE ANALYZED IN TERMS OF THE TOTAL POPULATION STUDIED AND SEPARATELY FOR ADULTS AND JUVENILES. IN EACH INSTANCE THE HYPOTHESIS THAT BIRTH ORDER IS A VARIABLE IN THE TYPE OF TERMINATION WAS UPHELD. FIRST BORNS APPEARED TO BE MORE LIKELY TO BE DISCHARGED FROM PROBATION, WHILE LATER-BORNS WERE MORE OFTEN TERMINATE DUE TO VIOLATION. AN EXAMINATION TO DETERMINE WHETHER FIRST-BORNS REMAINED ON PROBATION LONGER AND RECEIVED LATER DISCHARGES INDICATED THAT FIRST-BORNS WERE MORE LIKELY TO RECEIVE A DISCHARGE OF ANY KIND THAN ARE LATER-BORN PROBATIONERS. ALTHOUGH THIS RESEARCH WAS NOT CONCLUSIVE, IT DOES PROVIDE A BASIS FOR FURTHER STUDY. TABLES DEPICTING THE COMPOSITION OF CASES AND THE BIRTH ORDER AND TYPE OF TERMINATION FOR PROBATIONERS ARE INCLUDED. (DAG)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Behavioral science research; New York; Probation; Probationers; Success factors
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49909

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