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NCJ Number: 49912 Add to Shopping cart Find in a Library
Title: PAROLE VIOLATION PATTERNS AND COMMITMENT OFFENSE
Journal: JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY  Volume:9  Issue:2  Dated:(JULY 1972)  Pages:87-98
Author(s): M G NEITHERCUTT
Corporate Author: Carter Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 1972
Page Count: 12
Sponsoring Agency: Carter Ctr
Atlanta, GA 30307
US Dept of Health, Education, and Welfare
Rockville, MD 20857
US Dept of Justice

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: R01-MH14798; 72-SS-99-6003
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: RECORDS OF 83,419 MALES AND FEMALES PAROLED BETWEEN 1965-1968 WERE ANALYZED TO DETERMINE PATTERNS OF PAROLE VIOLATION ASSOCIATED WITH COMMITMENT OFFENSE. DE FACTO PAROLE POLICIES AFFECTING THESE PATTERNS WERE IDENTIFIED.
Abstract: THE INITIAL HYPOTHESIS OF THIS STUDY WAS THAT PAROLEES VIEWED AS 'DANGEROUS' WOULD BE MOST LIKELY TO BE RETURNED TO PRISON. 'DANGEROUS' WAS TYPIFIED BY SUCH COMMITMENT OFFENSES AS WILLFUL HOMICIDE, AGGRAVATED ASSAULT, AND FORCIBLE RAPE. IT WAS FOUND THAT 27.1 PERCENT OF ALL PAROLEES WERE RETURNED TO PRISON THE FIRST YEAR, BUT THAT THE VIOLATION RATE WAS 19.6 PERCENT FOR THOSE CONVICTED OFFENSES AGAINST PERSONS COMPARED TO 31.5 PERCENT FOR THOSE CONVICTED OF PROPERTY OFFENSES. MOREOVER, A LARGER PROPORTION OF THE PERSON OFFENDERS WERE CONVICTED OF TECHNICAL PAROLE VIOLATIONS. THE PERCENTAGE RETURNED TO PRISON FOR TECHNICAL VIOLATIONS, AS OPPOSED TO COMMITMENT OF ADDITIONAL CRIMES, RANGED FROM 88.4 PERCENT FOR THOSE CONVICTED OF WILLFUL HOMICIDE AND 84 PERCENT FOR THOSE CONVICTED OF NEGLIGENT MANSLAUGHTER TO 69 PERCENT FOR BURGLARY OFFENDERS AND 66.4 FOR AUTO THEFT OFFENDERS. FURTHER ANALYSIS OF THE DATA INDICATES THAT PROPERTY OFFENDERS WERE ALLOWED TO REMAIN IN THE COMMUNITY EVEN WHEN SHOWING 'SIGNS OF DETERIORATION IN PAROLE ADJUSTMENT.' MEANWHILE, 'DANGEROUS' OFFENDERS WERE HELD TO MUCH STRICTER STANDARDS OF BEHAVIOR. A HIERARCHY OF 'DANGEROUSNESS' BASED ON PAROLE VIOLATION PATTERNS IS DISCUSSED. IT IS SUGGESTED THAT A STUDY SAMPLE BE CONSTRUCTED WHICH APPLIES BOTH MORE STRINGENT AND LESS STRINGENT CRITERIA FOR ALL COMMITMENT OFFENSE GROUPS AND THE RESULTS EVALUATED. IT IS HYPOTHESIZED THAT PROPERTY OFFENDERS MAY PROVE TO BE MORE 'DANGEROUS,' AS MEASURED BY RECIDIVISM. FOOTNOTES CONTAIN REFERENCES. GRAPHS PRESENTING THE PERCENTAGE OF ALL PAROLE VIOLATIONS BY OFFENSE CATEGORY ARE APPENDED. (GLR)
Index Term(s): Alternatives to institutionalization; Crimes against persons; Female offenders; Parole conditions; Parole statistics; Parolees; Probation or parole decisionmaking; Property crimes; Recidivism; Studies; Violent crimes
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49912

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