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NCJRS Abstract

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NCJ Number: 49985 Find in a Library
Title: BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH AND THE POLITICS OF CRIME CONTROL - A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Journal: CONTEMPORARY CRISES  Volume:2  Issue:3  Dated:(JULY 1978)  Pages:335-357
Author(s): R MORAN
Corporate Author: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co
Netherlands
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 23
Sponsoring Agency: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co
1000 Ah Amsterdam, Netherlands
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: Netherlands
Annotation: RESEARCH IN BIOMEDICS AND BIOTECHNICS AND ASSOCIATED PROGRAMS OF CRIME CONTROL ARE EXAMINED IN RELATION TO WAYS OF DEALING WITH SOCIETAL DEVIANTS.
Abstract: THE GRADUAL TRANSFORMATION OF CRIME INTO ILLNESS HAS OPENED UP POSSIBILITIES FOR PREVENTION AND CONTROL. WITH MEDICAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ACTING FOR THE STATE IN THE PARENTAL ROLE, SEEKING NOT TO DISCIPLINE THROUGH PUNISHMENT BUT TO REHABILITATE TO REMAKE THROUGH TREATMENT, THE INDIVIDUAL OFFENDER CAN BE HANDLED MORE IN HARMONY WITH REQUIREMENTS OF SOCIAL DEFENSE. THE DANGER OF THERAPEUTIC TYRANNY, HOWEVER, LIES IN THE FACT THAT HEALTH STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS CAN BECOME LITTLE MORE THAN TOOLS FOR POLITICAL COERCION AND OPPRESSION UNDER A PURELY THERAPEUTIC APPROACH TO CRIME. IN THE CONTEXT OF RECENT AND PAST BIOMEDICAL RESEARCH TO CONTROL CRIME, LITERATURE ON PSYCHOSURGERY AND THE CONTROL OF VIOLENCE, THE XYY CHROMOSOME CARRIER, LOMBROSIAN ANTHROPOMETRICS, BIOTECHNOLOGY, AND MIND CONTROL ARE REVIEWED. SOME WRITERS VIEW REHABILITATION AS ESSENTIALLY COERCIVE AND FEEL THAT, UNDER ITS GUISE, THE STATE HAS BEEN ABLE TO EXTEND ITS PUNITIVE POWERS. OTHERS MAINTAIN THAT REHABILITATION DOES NOT WORK, THAT THE 'NOBLE LIE' SHOULD BE ABANDONED, AND THAT PEOPLE SHOULD BE LOCKED UP AS PUNISHMENT. IN THE PROCESS OF PURSUING THEIR DIVERGENT ASSAULT, THE ANTIREHABILITATION GROUP HAS MANAGED TO EXTEND CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHTS TO MENTAL PATIENTS AND JUVENILES. POLICYMAKERS ARE LOOKING TOWARD POLITICAL SCIENTISTS AND ECONOMISTS FOR COST-EFFECTIVE ANSWERS REGARDING THE REHABILITATIVE IDEAL. NOTES ARE INCLUDED. (DP)
Index Term(s): Biological influences; Crime Control Programs; Medical research; Rehabilitation; Theory
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http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=49985

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