skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 50068 Find in a Library
Title: PRISON WELFARE - AN ACCOUNT OF AN EXPERIMENT AT LIVERPOOL
Author(s): A J FOWLES
Date Published: 1978
Page Count: 39
Sponsoring Agency: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
Publication Number: 45
Sale Source: Her Majesty's Stationery Office
PO Box 29
Norwich, NR3 1GN,
United Kingdom
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United Kingdom
Annotation: THIS EXPERIMENT CONDUCTED IN LIVERPOOL, ENGLAND, CONCERNED THE CONTENT OF TREATMENT AND THE CONDUCT OF PRISON WELFARE OFFICERS IN RELATION TO THE EFFECT OF INTENSIVE TREATMENT ON SHORT-TERM INMATES.
Abstract: GOALS OF THE INTENSIVE PRISON WELFARE TREATMENT EXPERIMENT FOR SHORT-TERM PRISONERS INCLUDED THE FOLLOWING: CHANGING THE TREATMENT GIVEN TO EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS FROM PRACTICAL HELP TO CASE WORK DISCUSSION WHENEVER APPROPRIATE; INVESTIGATING CONSEQUENCES OF THE USE OF AFTERCARE FACILITIES WHEN PRISONERS HAD RECEIVED INTENSIVE PRISON WELFARE TREATMENT; AND ASSESSING THE IMPACT OF AFTERCARE FACILITIES ON THE RESOLUTION OF PERSONAL PROBLEMS. SOCIAL AND CRIMINAL HISTORIES, PERSONALITY DATA, POSTRELEASE INFORMATION, AND DATA FROM WELFARE CASE NOTES AND SUPERVISION RECORDS WERE COLLECTED AT THE PRISON IN LIVERPOOL. THREE TYPES OF OUTCOME CRITERIA EMPLOYED WERE MEASURES OF CHANGE DURING THE PRISON WELFARE TREATMENT PERIOD, THE RATE AT WHICH AFTERCARE WAS USED, AND THE INCIDENCE OF FURTHER CONVICTION WITHIN A YEAR OF RELEASE FROM PRISON. PARTICIPANTS IN THE CONTROL GROUP WERE ABLE TO HAVE AS MUCH OR AS LITTLE CONTACT AS DESIRED WITH THE PRISON WELFARE DEPARTMENT, WHEREAS EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS WERE GIVEN EXTRA PRISON WELFARE CONTACTS. FOR EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUP PARTICIPANTS WHO COMPLETED TWO PERSONALITY QUESTIONNAIRES, AVERAGE MEAN SCORES FOR PROBLEM AREAS WERE GENERALLY LARGER AT THE BEGINNING THAN AT THE END OF TREATMENT. THERE WAS NO GREATER PROBLEM REDUCTION FOR THE EXPERIMENTAL GROUP THAN FOR THE CONTROL GROUP. AFTERCARE WAS SOUGHT BY 53 PERCENT OF THE EXPERIMENTAL SUBJECTS AS COMPARED TO 47 PERCENT OF THE CONTROL PARTICIPANTS. AT THE END OF A YEAR, DIFFERENCES BETWEEN RECONVICTION RATES FOR BOTH THE EXPERIMENTAL AND CONTROL GROUPS WERE NOT STATISTICALLY SIGNIFICANT. APPENDIXES PROVIDE INFORMATION ON EXPERIMENTAL VARIABLES, THE STUDY SAMPLE, AND AFTERCARE. REFERENCES ARE INCLUDED. (DEP)
Index Term(s): Behavioral science research; Comparative analysis; Convictions; England; Inmates; Treatment
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=50068

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.